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DESCRIPTION
Paris opened its first tram network in 1855 (initial horse tram); electrification was completed in 1898. All tram routes were totally closed before the second world war (1937).
Tram was restored in Paris in 1992; Line T1 was the first line to be opened (La Courneuve-Bobigny, few months later extended up to Gare St. Denis); it was followed by line T2 in 1997 (Issy Val de Seine-La Defense), which runs on the eleder track of a local railway supplied by third rail. T1 (whose track lies in the north-eastern part of the city) has been extended in 2003 east up to Noisy-le-Sec; another extension (Gare de Saint Denis-Les Courtilles) was completed in 2012. T1 currently interchanges with local railways (RER) at Gare St. Denis and Noisy-le-Sec, and with metro lines at Bobigny, Corneuve, Basilique St. Denis and Asnieres-Gennevilliers. T2 was extendend in 2010 (Issy Val de Seine-Porte de Versailles) and 2012 (La Defense-Pont de Bezons); it interchanges with local railways at Issy Val de Seine and La Defense, and with the metro system at La Defense and Porte de Versailles.
Tram line T3 (the so-called tram Marechaux) opened on 16 December 2006 (Pont du Garigliano-Porte d'Ivry); it was extended in 2012 (Porte d'Ivry-Porte de Vincennes) and 2015 (Porte de Vincennes-Porte de la Chapelle); T3, whose track is splitted in 2 different operating sections (T3a: Pont du Gargliano-Porte de Vincennes; T3b: Porte de Vincennes-Porte de la Chapelle), runs along the southern boulevards, replacing many bus routes and assuring an higher commercial speed. Some of the T3 stops offer important modal interchange opportunities with RER, metro and bus lines.
T4 opened in November 2006; it's a tram-train line running from Aulnay sous Bois to Bondy (right side of Seine river), re-using the infrastructure of an elder single rail suburban railway ("Coquetiers Line") still important for the connection to Paris center. The renewal of the former railway started in 2003; rails were doubled from Livry Gargan to Aulnay sous Bois, level crossing substituted by a visive signalling system, while a modern dual low floor rolling stock (750 V DC/25 KV AC) replaced the older and noisy regional trains.
T5 tram on tyres line (Marche de Saint Denis-Sarcelles) opened in 2015; it serves some popular banlieue (peripherical popular suburbs) trying to revitalize strategical urban areas. Many interesting modal interchange points are located along the track: Marche de Saint Denis (T1 tramway line), Saint-Denis Basilique (metro Line 13), Garges Sarcelles (RER local railways Line D), besides many other bus interchange stops.
T6 tram on tyres line (Chatillon-Viroflay) opened in 2014 (Chatillon Montrouge-Velizy Robert Wagner section); it was exended in 2016 (Robert Wagner-Viroflay Rive Droite). It runs through some popular banlieue: Chatillon, Clamart, Meudon, Fontenay-aux-Roses, Malakoff, Montrouge, le Plessis-Robinson, Velizy-Villacoublay and Viroflay. T6 runs ground level from Chatillon to Velizy and underground from Velizy to Viroflay. Besides many bus interchange points, this line presents intermodal stops at Chatillon (metro Line 13) and Viroflay (RER local railways and SNCF railways).
T7 (Athis Mons-Villejuif Louis Aragon) opened in 2013; it runs in the southern part of the district passing through Villejuif, Vitry sur Seine, l'Hay les Roses, Chevilly Larue, Thiais, Rungis, Orly, Villeneuve le Roi, Paray Vieille Poste and Athis Monssouthern. T7 serves Orly Airport, interchanging with metro Line 7 (at Villejuif Louis Aragon) and RER C (at Rungis la Fraternelle).
T8 (Saint Denis-Epinay/Villetaneuse) opened in 2016; it serves Seine Saint Denis department, connecting Saint Denis, Epinay sur Seine, Villetaneuse and serving Universitè de Paris XIII-Villetaneuse. It interchanges with metro L13 (at Saint-Denis Porte de Paris) and tram T1 (at Gare de Saint Denis).
(last modified February 24, 2017 )
HISTORY
datesection nameline
1855initial horse tram opening--
1898electrification completed--
1938original tram network closed--
06-07-1992Bobigny-La Courneuve 8 Mai 1945T1
18-12-1992La Courneuve 8 Mai 1945-Saint DenisT1
15-12-2003Bobigny-Noisy le SecT1
15-11-2012Gare de Saint Denis-Les CourtillesT1
01-07-1997Issy Val de Seine-La DefenseT2
21-11-2009Issy Val de Seine-Porte de VersaillesT2
19-11-2012La Défense-Pont de BezonsT2
16-12-2006Pont du Garigliano-Porte d'IvryT3a
15-12-2012Porte d'Ivry-Porte de VincennesT3a
15-12-2015Porte de Vincennes-Porte de la ChapelleT3b
18-11-2006Aulnay sous Bois-BondyT4
29-07-2013Marche de Saint-Denis-Garges SarcellesT5
13-12-2014Chatillon Montrouge-Velizy Villacoublay Robert WagnerT6
28-05-2016Robert Wagner-Viroflay Rive DroiteT6
16-11-2013Villejuif Louis Aragon-Orly Airport-Porte de l'EssonneT7
16-12-2014Saint Denis Porte de Paris-Villetaneuse Universitè-Epinay OrgemontT8
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
TECHNICAL DATA
Single line length (Km)
T1:17
T2:17.9
T3a:12.4
T3b:9.9
T4:7.9
T5:6.6
T6:14.0
T7:11.2
T8:8.5
Single line stops
T1:36
T2:24
T3a:25
T3b:18
T4:11
T5:16
T6:21
T7:18
T8:17
Single line avg. distance (km)
T1:0.5
T2:0.8
T3a:0.5
T3b:0.6
T4:0.8
T5:0.45
T6:0.65
T7:0.65
T8:0.55
Total track length (km)
105.4
Total network stops
186
Avg. stop net distance (km)
0.55
Type
T1,T2,T3a,T3b,T4,T7,T8:steel wheels
T5,T6:rubber tyres
Current/Voltage
T1,T2,T3a,T3b,T4,T5,T6,T7,T8:750 V DC overhead

Type of guide/gauge
T1,T2,T3a,T3b,T4,T7,T8:standard gauge rails (1435 mm)
T5,T6:central monorail
Vehicles builder
T1:GEC/ALSTOM
T2:ALSTOM
T3a:ALSTOM
T3b:ALSTOM
T4:SIEMENS
T5:LOHR
T6:LOHR
T7:ALSTOM
T8:ALSTOM
Model
T1:Tramway Francais Standard (TFS)
T2:Citadis 302
T3a:Citadis 402
T3b:Citadis 402
T4:Avanto (U25500)
T5:Translohr ST3
T6:Translohr ST6
T7:Citadis 302
T8:Citadis 302
Operator
RATP
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
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lrt-tram - paris; By Maximilian Dorrbecker (Chumwa) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 2.5 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons
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