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DESCRIPTION
Nizhniy Novgorod (former Gorky, from 1932 to 1990) population overtook the million of inhabitants in years '70s, getting the necessary Soviet standard for a metro network. Works started in 1977 and the first section opened in 1985 (Moskovskaya-Proletarskaya); it was extended in 1987 (Proletarskaya - Komsomolskaya), 1989 (Komsomolskaya-Park Kultury), 1993 (Moskovskaya-Burnakovskaya), 2002 (Burnakovskaya-Burevestnik) and 2012 (Moskovskaya-Gorkovskaya). The metro service is articulated in 2 lines: Avtozavodskaya Line (from Moskovskaya to Proletarskaya) and Sormovskaya Line (from Moskovskaya to Burevestnik). Avtozavodskaya Line and Sormovskaya Line interchange at Moskovskaya stop.
This metro system is fairly different from the typical Soviet scheme (3 radial lines forming a triangle in the city centre), because of the characteristic morphology of the city. Nizhniy Novgorod is close to the inflow of the River Oka into the River Volga; its city centre is located on the right bank and the main industries (Krasnoye Sormovo, GAZ) and the residential suburbs for their workers (Kanavino, Sormovo, Avtozavodal) on the left bank of River Oka. The initial plan of the network was based on 2 lines joining each other at Moskovskaya interchange stop (4 tracks stop), close to the railways station; the first phase was centered on the industrial and residential areas located on the left bank of River Oka, while new extensions crossing Oka and Volga rivers were expected only in a second phase. The original plans were deeply modified by the collapse of USSR and the subsequent economical and social changements; in Nizhniy Novgorod, as well as in other former Soviet cities, new tertiary activities (mostly located in the city centre) took the place of many industrial activities, so that the cross of River Oka (completed in 2012 with Moskovskaya-Gorkovskaya extension), had become a priority, more than Sormovskaya western extensions.
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
HISTORY
datesection nameline
02-11-1985Moskovskaya-ProletarskayaLine 1/Avtozavodskaya
08-08-1987Proletarskaya-Komsomol'skayaLine 1/Avtozavodskaya
15-11-1989Komsomol'skaya-Park Kul'turyLine 1/Avtozavodskaya
09-09-2002Burnakovskaya-BurevestnikLine 1/Avtozavodskaya
20-12-1993Moskovskaya-BurnakovskayaLine 2/Sormovskaya
04-11-2012Moskovskaya-GorkovskayaLine 2/Sormovskaya
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
TECHNICAL DATA
Single line length (Km)
Line 1:15.1
Line 2:3.8
Single line stops
Line 1:11
Line 2:4
Single line avg. distance (km)
Line 1:1.5
Line 2:1.3
Total track length (km)
18.9
Total network stops
14
Avg. stop net distance (km)
1.45
Type
steel wheels
Current/Voltage
825 V DC from third rail
Type of guide/gauge
1524 mm gauge rails
Vehicles builder
VAGONMASH, METROWAGONMASH
Model
81-714/717
Operator
MOUP NIZHEGORODSKI METROPOLITEN
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
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metro - nizhniy novgorod; By AlexTref871 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
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LATEST UPDATES TO THIS SITE
apm19-02-2017
lrt-tram02-03-2017
metro19-02-2017
funicular20-02-2017
news20-02-2017


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