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DESCRIPTION
Moscow developed from years 30s one of the world most extended metro network (about 340 km), which an extraordinary transport capacity. The metro system is mostly underground, except for Lines 1, 2 and 4 that cross River Moscova on a bridge (the same situation where Line 1 crosses River Yauza) and for Filyovskaya (Line 4) that has a long ground level section (from Kievskaya to Molodyozhnaya).
The network is based on some main radial lines, integrated and connected by a circle line (Koltsevaya, Line 5, opened at the beginning of years '50s). It's curious to remember that the remarkable deepth of Arbatskaya line (L3, Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya) was motivated by its potential nuclear shelter function during the cold war.
The first line, Sokolnicheskaya (Line 1) opened in 1925, followed by a segment (Sokol-Teatralnaya) of Zamoskvoretskaya (Line 2) and a section (Arbatskaya-Kurskaya) of Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line (Line 3). These initial stretches were extended during the Second World War; in this period metro temporally hosted the Council of Ministers (at Mayakovskaya stop, Line 2), besides being used as air-raid shelter. After the war, another line opened (Line 5 or Koltsevaya, which was closed into a ring in 1954 in order to connect each other all the radial lines), as well as some crucial developments of the third line Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya (like the very deep section from Ploshchad Revolyutsii to Kievskaya and its ground level extension towards Pervomaiskaya). The former (more superficial) track from Ploshchad Revolyutsii to Kievskaya was included in a new line (Line 4, Filyovskaya) that opened in 1958, as well as Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line (Line 6), which hovever reached the current configuration (connecting Oktyabrskaya to Prospekt Mira) after the fusion (1971) of 2 different stretches opened in 1958 and 1962. In 1966 it was completed another line (Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya, Line 7), the busiest of the whole network serving high density residential districts, followed 13 years later (1979) by a further line (Kalininskaya, Line 8), connecting Perovo (eastern side) to the central area.
Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya (Line 9, running north-south of Moscow) opened in 1983, followed in 1995 by the 2 most recent lines of the network: Lyublinskaya (Line 10) and Kakhovskaya (Line 11). Line 10 brought new interchange stops in addiction to the ones along the ring line as well as an important connection to the southern districts of Marino and Lyublino; Line 11 (which had to become the first short section of a new external circle line, to be completed in long term plans) provided important connections to the motorways going southwards to the Caucasus (Kashirskaya stop) and towards Ukraine and Crimea (Varshavskaya stop). All Kakhovskaya (Line 11) stops were built in 1969 being part of Zamoskvoretskaya line (Line 2), before being detached and forming a new line.
With the new century, previous plans for new light metro lines (mostly on viaduct with short trains and stops) reached the executive phase; the main scope was to connect suburban areas to existing radial lines with lower costs than traditional metro lines. In 2003 the first line of this kind (Butovskaya Light Metro Line/BLLM, Line 12) opened; its track extends Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya line (Line 9) towards southern areas, with an initial underground section (in order to assure an efficient interchange with Line 9) followed by an elevated section up to Buninskaya Alleya terminal. Because of some technical and financial troubles (final costs resulted much higher than initial forecasts) and due to an often negative attitude showed by many passengers and residents towards this system, plans for new Light Metros lines were abandoned (see in particular Solntsevskaya Light Metro Line or SLLM project, which was suspended when it was in an advanced planning phase).
A recent addiction to the main network is the first monorail line (M1, from Ul. Sergeya Eyzenshteyna to Timiryazevskaya), opened in 2004; the track concept is to connect Line 9 (Timiryazevskaya stop) and Line 6 (Vystavochniy Sentr stop, close to Line 6 VDNKH Exhibition Center stop); another potential interchange stop with a future northern extension of Line 10 could be located between Ul Milashenkova and Teletsentr M1 stops. M1 passes through an important residential district and has a remarkable stop at VDNKH exhibition center. Due to technical and financial reasons, M1 future closure or shortening is seriously considered.
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
HISTORY
datesection nameline
15-05-1935Sokolniki-Park KulturyLine 1/Sokolnicheskaya Line
01-05-1957Park Kultury-SportivnayaLine 1/Sokolnicheskaya Line
01-12-1959Sportivnaya-UniversitetLine 1/Sokolnicheskaya Line
30-12-1963Universitet-Yugo ZapadnayaLine 1/Sokolnicheskaya Line
31-12-1965Sokolniki-Preobrazhenskaya PloshchadLine 1/Sokolnicheskaya Line
03-08-1990Preobrazhenskaya Ploshchad-Bulvar RokossovskogoLine 1/Sokolnicheskaya Line
14-12-2002Vorobyovy Gory stop reopened after reconstructionLine 1/Sokolnicheskaya Line
08-12-2014Yugo Zapadnaya-TroparyovoLine 1/Sokolnicheskaya Line
18-01-2016Troparyovo-RumyantsevoLine 1/Sokolnicheskaya Line
16-20-1502Rumyantsevo-SalaryevoLine 1/Sokolnicheskaya Line
11-09-1938Sokol-TeatralnayaLine 2/Zamoskvoretskaya Line
01-01-1943Teatralnaya-AvtozavodskayaLine 2/Zamoskvoretskaya Line
194311220Novokuznetskaya;Paveletskaya stopsLine 2/Zamoskvoretskaya Line
30-12-1964Sokol-Rechnoy VokzalLine 2/Zamoskvoretskaya Line
11-08-1969Avtozavodskaya-KakhovskayaLine 2/Zamoskvoretskaya Line
20-07-1979Tverskaya stopLine 2/Zamoskvoretskaya Line
28-12-1984Kashirskaya-OrekhovoLine 2/Zamoskvoretskaya Line
07-09-1985Orekhovo-KrasnogvardeyskayaLine 2/Zamoskvoretskaya Line
20-11-1995Kashirskaya-Kakhovskaya detachedLine 2/Zamoskvoretskaya Line
201121224Krasnogvardeyskaya-Alma AtinskayaLine 2/Zamoskvoretskaya Line
28-12-2015Tekhnopark stop addedLine 2/Zamoskvoretskaya Line
13-03-1938Kiyevskaya-Aleksandrovsky Sad detached from Line 1/Sokolnicheskaya Line; Aleksandrovsky Sad-KurskayaLine 3/Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya
18-01-1944Kurskaya-PartizanskayaLine 3/Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya
15-05-1944Elektrozavodskaya stopLine 3/Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya
05-04-1953Ploshchad Revolyutsii-KiyevskayaLine 3/Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya
24-09-1954Partizanskaya-Pervomayskayaold alignement
21-10-1961Partizanskaya-Pervomayskayanew alignement
22-07-1963Pervomayskaya-ShchyolkovskayaLine 3/Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya
06-05-2003Kiyevskaya-Park PobedyLine 3/Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya
07-01-2008Park Pobedy-Kuntsevskaya;Kuntsevskaya-Krylatskoye detached from Filyovskaya;Krylatskoye-StroginoLine 3/Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya
07-09-2008Slavyansky Bulvar stopLine 3/Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya
26-12-2009Strogino-MitinoLine 3/Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya
28-12-2012Mitino-Pyatnitskoye ShosseLine 3/Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya
20-03-1937Smolenskaya-KiyevskayaLine 4/Filyovskaya
13-03-1938Aleksandrovsky Sad-Ploshchad RevolyutsiiLine 4/Filyovskaya
07-11-1958Kiyevskaya-KutuzovskayaLine 4/Filyovskaya
07-11-1959Kutuzovskaya-FiliLine 4/Filyovskaya
13-10-1961Fili-PionerskayaLine 4/Filyovskaya
05-07-1965Pionerskaya-MolodyozhnayaLine 4/Filyovskaya
31-08-1965Kuntsevskaya stopLine 4/Filyovskaya
31-12-1989Molodyozhnaya-KrylatskoyeLine 4/Filyovskaya
10-09-2005Kiyevskaya-Delovoi TsentrLine 4/Filyovskaya
30-08-2006Delovoi Tsentr-MezhdunarodnayaLine 4/Filyovskaya
02-01-2008Kuntsevskaya-Krylatskoye detachedLine 4/Filyovskaya
01-01-1950Park Kultury-KurskayaLine 5/Koltsevaya
30-01-1952Kurskaya-BelorusskayaLine 5/Koltsevaya
14-03-1954Belorusskaya-Park KulturyLine 5/Koltsevaya
01-05-1958Prospekt Mira-VDNKhLine 6/Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya
13-10-1962Oktyabrskaya-Novye CheryomushkiLine 6/Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya
15-04-1962Novye Cheryomushki-Kaluzhskayatemporary
30-12-1970Oktyabrskaya-Kitay gorodLine 6/Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya
31-12-1971Prospekt Mira-Kitay gorodLine 6/Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya
12-08-1974Novye Cheryomushki-BelyayevoLine 6/Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya
30-09-1978VDNKh-MedvedkovoLine 6/Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya
06-11-1980Shabolovskaya stopLine 6/Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya
06-11-1987Belyayevo-Tyoply StanLine 6/Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya
17-01-1990Tyoply Stan-NovoyasenevskayaLine 6/Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya
31-12-1966Taganskaya-VykhinoLine 7/Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya
30-12-1970Taganskaya-Kitay-GorodLine 7/Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya
30-12-1972Barrikadnaya-Oktyabrskoye PoleLine 7/Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya
17-12-1975Kitay-Gorod-BarrikadnayaLine 7/Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya
30-12-1975Oktyabrskoye Pole-PlanernayaLine 7/Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya
09-11-2013Vykhino-ZhulebinoLine 7/Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya
27-08-2014Spartak stopLine 7/Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya
21-09-2015Zhulebino-KotelnikiLine 7/Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya
30-12-1979Marksistskaya-NovogireevoLine 8/Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya
25-01-1986Marksistskaya-TretyakovskayaLine 8/Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya
30-08-2012Novogireyevo-NovokosinoLine 8/Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya
31-01-2014Park Pobedy-Delovoy TsentrLine 8/Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya
11-11-1983Serpukhovskaya-YuzhnayaLine 9/Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya
06-11-1985Yuzhnaya-PrazhskayaLine 9/Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya
23-01-1986Serpukhovskaya-BorovitskayaLine 9/Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya
31-12-1987Borovitskaya-ChekhovskayaLine 9/Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya
31-12-1988Chekhovskaya-SavyolovskayaLine 9/Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya
03-03-1991Savyolovskaya-OtradnoyeLine 9/Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya
31-12-1992Otradnoye-BibirevoLine 9/Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya
15-07-1994Bibirevo-AltufyevoLine 9/Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya
31-08-2000Prazhskaya-Ulitsa Akademika YangelyaLine 9/Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya
31-12-2001Ulitsa Akademika Yangelya-AnninoLine 9/Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya
26-12-2002Annino-Bulvar Dmitriya DonskogoLine 9/Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya
28-12-1995Chkalovskaya-VolzhskayaLine 10/Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya
25-12-1996Volzhskaya-MarinoLine 10/Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya
11-12-1999Dubrovka stopLine 10/Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya
30-08-2007Chkalovskaya-TrubnayaLine 10/Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya
29-12-2007Sretensky Bulvar stopLine 10/Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya
19-06-2010Trubnaya-Maryina RoshchaLine 10/Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya
02-12-2011Maryino-ZyablikovoLine 10/Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya
16-09-2016Marina Roshcha-Petrovsko RazumovskayaLine 10/Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya
11-08-1969Avtozavodskaya-KakhovskayaLine 11/Kakhovskaya
20-11-1995Transformation into separate lineLine 11/Kakhovskaya
27-12-2003Bittsevsky Park-Buninskaya AlleyaLine 12/Butovskaya
20-11-2004trial mode operationsM1/Driverless Monorail
01-01-2008transportation mode operationsM1/Driverless Monorail
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
TECHNICAL DATA
Single line length (Km)
Line 1:32.5
Line 2:39.9
Line 3:45.1
Line 4:14.9
Line5:19.3
Line 6:37.6
Line 7:42
Line 8 (east):16.3
Line 8B (west):3.4
Line 9:41.2
Line 10:33.5
Line 11:3.3
Line 12:10
M1:4.7
Single line stops
Line 1:22
Line 2:20
Line 3:22
Line 4:13
Line 5:12
Line 6:24
Line 7:23
Line 8 (east):8
Line 8B (west):2
Line 9:25
Line 10:20
Line 11:3
Line 12:7
M1:6
Avg. distange (km)
Line 1:1.5
Line 2:2.1
Line 3:2.1
Line 4:1.25
Line 5:1.8
Line 6:1.6
Line 7:1.9
Line 8 (east):2.3
Line 8B (west):3.4
Line 9:1.7
Line 10:1.7
Line 11:1.65
Line 12:1.7
M1:1.0
Total track length (km)
343.8
Total network stops
209
Avg. stop net distance (km)
1.65
Type
Metro:steel wheels

DLM M1 (monorail):rubber tyres
Current/Voltage
Metro:825 V DC from third rail

DLM M1 (monorail):--
Type of guide/gauge
Metro:1520 mm gauge rails

DLM M1 (monorail):steel box beam
Vehicles builder
Metro:METROWAGONMASH
DLM M1 (monorail):INTAMIN
Model
Line 1:81-717.5M/714.5M
Line 2:81-717/714
Line 3:81-74x
Line 4:81-740.1/741.1 (Rusich/Skift),81-717/714
Line 5:81-740.4/81-741.4,81-717/714
Line 6:81-717.5M/714.5M,81-717.5/714.5
Line 7:Ezh3,Em-508T,81-717/714
Line 8:81-760/761 (Oka)
Line 9:81-717.5M/714.5M
Line 10:81-717.5M/714.5M,81-720.1/721.1,81-717.6/714.6
Line 11:81-717/714,81-720/721
Line 12:81-740.4/81-741
M1:P30
Operator
MOSKOVSKY METROPOLITEN


(DLM = Driverless Metro)
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
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metro - moscow; By Sameboat (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
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