Country: United Kingdom
Line: Metro:Bakerloo line, Central line, Circle line, District line, Hammersmith & City line, Jubilee line, Metropolitan line, Northern line, Piccadilly line, Victoria line, Waterloo & City line
DLM: Docklands Light Rail (DLR)
Inhabitants: City 8600000, District 13900000
DESCRIPTION(last modified February 19, 2017 )
London metro opened in 1863 (Baker Street-Farringdon; Farringdon-Paddington). The system was constantly developed and extended reaching its current asset (12 lines).
The first section of Metropolitan Line opened in 1863 (Baker Street-Farringdon); it was extended during 1865-1925.
The first section of Hammersmith & City Line opened in 1863 (Paddington-Farringdon); it was extended during 1864-1902.
The first section of District Line opened in 1863 (Paddington-Farringdon); it was extended during 1864-1867.
The first section of Northern Line opened in 1867 (Highgate-Mill Hill East); it was extended during 1870-1926.
The first sections of Circle Line opened in 1875 (Moorgate-Liveropool Street); it was extended during 1877-1879.
The first section of Jubilee Line opened in 1879 (West Hampstead-Kilburn); it was extended in 1880, 1893, 1932, 1979 and 1999.
Waterloo & City line opened in 1898 (shuttle service between Waterloo railway station and the City of London); it became operated as a part of the London metro in 1994.
The first section of Central Line opened in 1900 (Shepherd's Bush-Bank); it was extended during 1907-1948.
The first section of Bakerloo Line opened in 1906 (Elephant & Castle-Baker Street); it was extended in 1907-1917.
The first section of Piccadilly Line opened in 1906 (Finsbury Park-Hammersmith); it was extended in 1907, 1932-1933, 1975 and 1977.
Victoria Line opened in 1968 (Walthamstow Central-Warren Street; Warren Street-Brixton).
Docklands Light Railway (DLR) Line opened in 1987 (Tower Gateway-Poplar; Poplar-Stratford; Poplar-Island Gardens). This driverless metro system mostly runs on viaduct with limited underground and ground level segments; DLR serves East End and Docklands northern areas (which were - at DLR opening date - very residual and under utilized).
DLR system currently consists in 4 branches (Stratford-Lewisham; Bank-Lewisham; Bank-Woolwich Arsenal; Tower Gateway-Beckton) converging at Poplar.
The first phase (1987) was Island Gardens-Tower Gateway plus Stratford-Poplar, followed in 1991 by Bank extension (assuring a crucial connection to the underground/metro network), in 1994 by Beckton extension (1994), in 1999 by Lewisham extension (Island Gardens-Lewisham), in 2005 by the London City Airport and King George V extensions, in 2009 by King George V-Woolwich Arsenal extension. Another important addition (Canning Town-Stratford) was completed on August 2011, mostly running along a former North London Railway section.
HISTORY(last modified February 19, 2017 )
|1906||Elephant & Castle-Baker Street||Bakerloo line|
|1907||Baker Street-Edgware Road||Bakerloo line|
|1913||Edgware Road-Paddington||Bakerloo line|
|1915||Paddington-Willesden Junction||Bakerloo line|
|1917||Willesden Junction-Harrow & Wealdstone||Bakerloo line|
|1900||Shepherd's Bush-Bank||Central line|
|1907||Bank-Tottenham Court Road||Central line|
|1913||Tottenham Court Road-Liverpool Street||Central line|
|1920||Shepherd's Bush-East Acton||Central line|
|1923||East Acton-North Acton; North Acton-West Acton||Central line|
|1933||Holborn stop||Central line|
|1946||Liverpool Street-Stratford||Central line|
|1947||Stratford-Woodford; White City stop; North Acton-Greenford||Central line|
|1947-1948||Wanstead-Roding Valley||Central line|
|1948||Greenford-West Ruislip||Central line|
|1866||Westbourne Park stop||Circle line|
|1868||Westminster-Edgware Road||District line|
|1870-1871||Westminster-Blackfriars-Mansion House||District line|
|1877||Glouchester Road-Turnham Green; Turnham Green-Richmond||District line|
|1879||Turnham Green-Ealing Broadway||District line|
|1880||Glouchester Road-Putney Bridge||District line|
|1884||Mansion House-Whitechapel||District line|
|1889||Putney Bridge-Wimbledon||District line|
|1946||Earls Court-Kensington Olympia||District line|
|1863||Paddington-Farringdon||Hammersmith & City line|
|1864||Paddington-Ladbroke Grove-Hammersmith||Hammersmith & City line|
|1864-1865||Farringdon-Moorgate||Hammersmith & City line|
|1875||Moorgate-Liveropool Street||Hammersmith & City line|
|1902||Liverpool Street-Barking||Hammersmith & City line|
|1879||West Hampstead-Kilburn||Jubilee line|
|1893||Neasden-Wembley Park||Jubilee line|
|1932||Wembley Park-Stanmore||Jubilee line|
|1979||West Hampstead-Green Park||Jubilee line|
|1999||Green Park-Stradford||Jubilee line|
|1863||Baker Street-Farringdon||Metropolitan line|
|1879||Baker Street-Finchley Road||Metropolitan line|
|1880||Finchley Road-Harrow on the Hill||Metropolitan line|
|1885-1887||Harrow on the Hill-Rickmansworth||Metropolitan line|
|1904||Harrow on the Hill-Uxbridge||Metropolitan line|
|1925||Moor Park-Watford||Metropolitan line|
|1867||Highgate-Mill Hill East||Northern line|
|1872||Finchley Central-High Barnet||Northern line|
|1900||Stockwell-Clapham North||Northern line|
|1907||Golders Green-Mornington Crescent||Northern line|
|1924||Mornington Crescent-Edgware||Northern line|
|1926||Clapham North-Morden||Northern line|
|1906||Finsbury Park-Hammersmith||Piccadilly Line|
|1906||Finsbury Park-Hammersmith||Piccadilly Line|
|1932||Finsbury Park-Arnos Grove||Piccadilly Line|
|1933||Arnos Grove-Cockfosters||Piccadilly Line|
|1933||Acton Town-Enfield West||Piccadilly Line|
|1975||Hounslow West-Hatton Cross||Piccadilly Line|
|1977||Hatton Cross-Heatrow||Piccadilly Line|
|1968||Walthamstow Central-Warren Street||Victoria Line|
|1968-1971||Warren Street-Brixton||Victoria Line|
|1898||Bank-Waterloo||Waterloo & City line|
|31-08-1987||Tower Gateway-Poplar; Poplar-Stratford; Poplar-Island Gardens||DLR|
|1995||Poplar-Beckton via Canning Town||DLR|
|02-12-2005||Canning Town-King George V||DLR|
|09-12-2007||fermata Langdon Park||DLR|
|10-01-2009||King George-Woolwich Arsena||DLR|
|02-03-2009||Tower Gateway stop renewal||DLR|
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
Single line length (Km)
Hammersmith & City line:25.5
Waterloo & City line:2.5
Single line stops
Hammersmith & City line:29
Waterloo & City line:2
Single line avg. distance (km)
Hammersmith & City line:0.9
Waterloo & City line:2.5
Total track length (km)
Total network stops
Avg. stop net distance (km)
Metro:630 V DC by third rail
DLM (DLR):750 V DC by third rail
standard gauge tracks (1435 mm)
Hammersmith & City line:BOMBARDIER
Waterloo & City line:BREL/ADtranz
Bakerloo line:1972 stock
Central line:1992 stock
Circle line:S7 stock
District line:D78 stock,S7 stock
Hammersmith & City line:S7 stock
Jubilee line:1996 stock
Metropolitan line:S8 stock
Northern line:1995 stock
Piccadilly line:1973 stock
Victoria line:Movioa (2009 stock)
Waterloo & City line:1972 stock
DLR:BOMBARDIERDLR:B90, B92, B2K, B07
TRANSPORT FOR LONDON
(DLM = Driverless Metro)
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metro - london; Source: "London Underground with Greater London map" di authors of the above, modified by me - File:London_Underground_full_map_complete.svg and File:Greater London UK district map (blank).svg. Con licenza CC BY-SA 3.0 tramite Wikimedia Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:London_Underground_with_Greater_London_map.svg#/media/File:London_Underground_with_Greater_London_map.svg