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DESCRIPTION
Athens metro network is constituted by 3 lines; the first one (Line 1) derives from the former Piraeus-Athens railway (end of XIX century), which was transformed during the time in a properly said metro (beginning of metro operations: 1957).
Line 2 runs north-west/south-east; its first phase opened in 2000 (Sepolia-Syntagma), with further extensions to Dafni-Aghios Dimitros (2000-2004); other extensions were completed in 2013: south-east to the elder airport at Helleniki, and north-west from Aghios Antonios to Anthoupoli. Line 2 interchanges with ground level railways at Larissa Station and with metro Line 1 at Omonia and Attiki.
Line 3 opened in 2003 (Ethniki Amyna-Syntagma on January and Syntagma- Monastiraki on April), after years of problematic works; difficulties were caused by archaeological and architectonic existing elements along the route, and by the particular characteristics of the soils. After a strong debate the choice was to utilize small TBMs instead of a bigger one after a soil consolidation. Line 3 was extended in 2004 (Ethniki Amyna-Doukissis Plakentias), 2007 (Monastiraki-Egaleo) and 2013 (Egaleo-Aghia Marina). Starting from July 2014 some of the Line 3 metro cars invert their voltage (from 750 V DC to 25 KV AC) at Doukissis Plakentias stop in order to prosecute up to Eleftherios Venizelos Airport along an existing railway track. Line 3 interchanges with Line 1 at Monastiraki and with Line 2 at Syntagma (2 levels station).
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
HISTORY
datesection nameline
27-02-1869Piraeus-ThissioLine 1
1882Faliro; Moschato intermediate stopsLine 1
17-05-1895Thissio-Omonia via MonastirakiLine 1
1904electrification completedLine 1
01-07-1928Kallithea intermediate stopsLine 1
01-03-1948Omonia-VictoriaLine 1
30-06-1949Victoria-AttikiLine 1
12-02-1956Attiki-Ano PatissiaLine 1
14-03-1956Ano Patissia-Nea IoniaLine 1
05-07-1956Pefkakia intermediate stopLine 1
04-03-1957Nea Ionia-IraklioLine 1
10-08-1957Iraklio-KifissiaLine 1
01-09-1957Maroussi intermediate stopLine 1
04-08-1961Aghios Eleftherios intermediate stopLine 1
03-09-1982Irini intermediate stopLine 1
06-02-1989Tavros intermediate stopLine 1
27-03-1989KAT intermediate stopLine 1
06-08-2004Neratziotissa intermediate stopLine 1
28-01-2000Sepolia-SyntagmaLine 2
16-11-2000Syntagma-DafniLine 2
05-06-2004Dafni-Ag. Dimitrios/Alexandros PanagoulisLine 2
09-08-2004Sepolia-Aghios AntoniosLine 2
06-04-2013Aghios Antonios-AnthoupoliLine 2
26-07-2013Ag. Dimitrios/Alexandros Panagoulis-EllinikoLine 2
28-01-2003Ethniki Amyna-SyntagmaLine 3
22-04-2003Syntagma-MonastirakiLine 3
24-07-2004Ethniki Amyna-HalandriLine 3
28-07-2004Halandri-Doukissis PlakentiasLine 3
30-07-2004Doukissis Plakentias-Athens AirportLine 3
10-07-2006Peania-Kantza intermediate stop; Koropi intermediate stopLine 3
2006Pallini intermediate stopLine 3
26-05-2007Monastiraki-EgaleoLine 3
23-07-2010Holargos intermediate stopLine 3
30-12-2010Ag. Paraskevi intermediate stopLine 3
14-12-2013Egaleo-Aghia MarinaLine 3
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
TECHNICAL DATA
Single line length (Km)
Line 1:25.6
Line 2:17.9
Line 3:41
Single line stops
Line 1:24
Line 2:20
Line 3:21
Single line avg. distance (km)
Line 1:1.1
Line 2:0.9
Line 3:2.0
Total track length (km)
84.5
Total network stops
65
Avg. stop net distance (km)
1.3
Type
steel wheels
Current/Voltage
Line 1, Line 2:750 V DC from third rail
Line 3:750 V DC from third rail/25 KV overhead
Guide/gauge
standard gauge rails (1435 mm)
Vehicles builder
ALSTOM/SIEMENS/BOMBARDIER (1st generation vehicles),MITSUBISHI/VAPOR/KNORR-BREMSE (second generation vehicles)
Model
--
Operator
STASY S.A.
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
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metro - athens; By Amaroussi.com / Wikimedia Commons, via Wikimedia Commons
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apm19-02-2017
lrt-tram02-03-2017
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