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DESCRIPTION
Madrid metro network is one of the longest in Europe, with a remarkable growth in the last years.
The first line (Line 1) opened in in 1919 (Cuatro Caminos-Sol) and it was extended in 1921, 1923, 1929, 1961-1962, 1994, 1999 and 2007. It runs north-south from Pinar de Chamartin to Valdecarros passing through the city centre.
Line 2 opened in 1924 (Sol-Ventas) and it was extended in 1925, 1929, 1932, 1958, 1964 and 1970, 1998, 2007 and 2011. Line 2 currently runs from Cuatro Caminos to Las Rosas; an intermediate branch (the so-called Line R or "Ramal") from Opera to Principe Pio opened in 1925; it's operated as a shuttle service.
Line 3 opened in 1936 (Sol-Embajadores) and it was extended in 1941, 1949, 1963 and 2007; Line 3 currently runs from Moncloa to Villaverde Alto.
The first section of Line 4 (Goya-Argualles) opened in 1944; it was extended in 1958 (adsorbing the former Line 2 segment Goya-Diego de Leon), in 1973, 1979, 1998 and 2007. Line 4 currently runs from Arguelles to Pinar de Chamartin.
The first section of the current Line 5 opened in 1961 (Callao-Carabanchel) and it was extended in 1968, 1970, 1976, 1980, 1999, 2002 and 2006. Nowadays Line 5 runs from Casa de Campo to Alameda de Osuna.
Line 6 (Circular) opened in 1979 (Cuatro Caminos-Pacifico) and it was extended in 1981, 1983, 1987, 1995 (at that date Line 6 loop was completed) and 2007 (with an intermediate stop).
Line 7 opened in 1974 (Pueblo Nuevo-Las Musas) and it was extended in 1975, 1998 and 2007. Line 6 interchanges with all the other metro lines except Line 12.
Line 8 opened in 1998 (Mar de Cristal-Campo de Las Naciones) and it was extended in 1999 and 2002. It currently runs from Nuevos Ministerios to Aeropuerto T4 (at Barajas Airport).
Line 9 opened in 1980 and it was extended in 1983, 1986 and 1998. Line 9 currently consists in two sections: an urban segment from Paco de Lucia to Puerta de Arganda (that's the properly said Line 9) and a suburban segment (mostly ground level) from Puerta de Arganda to Arganda del Rey (referred as Line 9b).
Line 10 opened in 1961 adsorbing the former Line 8 (Fuencarral-Aluche) and being linked to the former Line 10 (Aluche-Alonzo Martinez); it was extended in 2007 (Fuencarral-Hospital del Norte/Hospital Infanta Sofia).
Line 11 opened in 1998 (Plaza Eliptica-Pan Bendito) and it was extended in 2006 (Pan Bendito-La Peseta).
Line 12 (MetroSur) opened in 2003; it's a long circular line which connects each other many southern suburbs of the metropolitan area. MetroSur interchanges with Line 10 at Puerta del Sur stop.
The properly said metro network was integrated in 2007 by 3 light metro lines (ML1, ML2, ML3), that connect some important suburban areas to the city centre; the choice of a light metro system with limited underground sections (instead of a full metro) was motivated by the consideration that the predicted ridership of these new lines could not justify the high costs of full metro lines. ML1 (northern side) goes from Pinar de Chamartin (where it interchanges with Line 1 and Line 4) to Las Tablas (where it interchanges with metro Line 10). ML2 and ML3 (western side) both starts at Colonia Jardin (where they interchange with metro Line 10) running north to Estacion de Aravaca (ML2) and west to Puerta de Boadilla (ML3).
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
HISTORY
datesection nameline
1919Cuatro Caminos-SolLine 1
1921Sol-AtochaLine 1
1923Atocha-Puente de VallecasLine 1
1929Cuatro Caminos-TetuanLine 1
1961Tetuan-Plaza de CastillaLine 1
1962Puente de Vallecas-PortazgoLine 1
1994Portazgo-Miguel HernandezLine 1
1999Miguel Hernandez-CongostoLine 1
2007Plaza de Castilla-Chamartin;Chamartin-Pinar daae Chamartin;Congosto-ValdecarrosLine 1
1924Sol-VentasLine 2
1925Sol-QuevedoLine 2
1929Quevedo-Cuatro CaminosLine 2
1932Goya-Diego de LeonLine 2
1958Goya-Diego de Leon transferred to Line 4Line 2
1964Ventas-Ciudad LinealLine 2
1970Ventas-Ciudad Lineal transferred to Line 5Line 2
1998Canal stopLine 2
2007Ventas-La ElipaLine 2
2011La Elipa-Las RosasLine 2
1936Sol-EmbajadoresLine 3
1941Sol-ArguellesLine 3
1949Embajadores-DeliciasLine 3
1951Delicias-LegazpiLine 3
1963Arguelles-MoncloaLine 3
2007Legazpi-Villaverde AltoLine 3
1944Goya-ArguellesLine 4
1958Goya-Diego de Leon took up from Line 2Line 4
1973Diego de Leon-Alfonso XIILine 4
1979Alfonso XIII-EsperanzaLine 4
1998Esperanza-Mar de Cristal;Mar de Cristal-Parque de Santa MariaLine 4
2007Parque de Santa María-Pinar de ChamartinLine 4
1961Callao-CarabanchelLine 5
1968Callao-CarabanchelLine 5
1970Callao-Ciudad LinealLine 5
1976Carabanchel-Aluche transferred from Line SLine 5
1980Ciudad Lineal-CanillejasLine 5
1999Eugenia de Montijo intermediate stopLine 5
2002Aluche-Casa de Campo transferred from Line 10Line 5
2006Canillejas-Alameda de OsunaLine 5
1979Cuatro Caminos-PacificoLine 6
1981Pacifico-OportoLine 6
1983Oporto-LagunaLine 6
1987Cuatro Caminos-Ciudad UniversitariaLine 6
1995Ciudad Universitaria-LagunaLine 6
2007Arganzuela/Planetario intermediate stopLine 6
1974Pueblo Nuevo-Las MusasLine 7
1975Pueblo Nuevo-Avenida de AmericaLine 7
1998Avenida de America-Gregorio Maranon;Gregorio Maranon-Canal;Canal-Valdezarza;Valdezarza-PitisLine 7
2007Las Musas-Coslada-San FernandoLine 7
1998Mar de Cristal-Campo de Las NacionesLine 8
1999Campo de Las Naciones-Barajas AirportLine 8
2002Mar de Cristal-Nuevos MinisteriosLine 8
1980Sainz de Baranda-PavonesLine 9
1983Avenida de America-Herrera OriaLine 9
1986Avenida de America-Sainz de BarandaLine 9
1998Pavones-Puerta de ArgandaLine 9
1961Fuencarral-AlucheLine 10
2003Aluche-Puerta del SurLine 10
2006Aviacion Espanola intermediate stopLine 10
2007Fuencarral-Hospital del Norte/Hospital Infanta SofíaLine 10
1998Plaza Eliptica-Pan BenditoLine 11
2006Pan Bendito-La PesetaLine 11
2003Parque Lisboa-Puerta del SurLine 12/Metro Sur
1925Opera-Norte/Principe PioLine R/Ramal
24-05-2007Pinar de Chamartin-Las TablasMetro Ligero 1/ML1
27-07-2007Estacion de Aravaca-Colonia JardinMetro Ligero 2/ML2
27-07-2007Puerta de Boadilla-Colonia JardinMetro Ligero 3/ML3
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
TECHNICAL DATA
Single line length (Km)
L1:23.9
L2:14.1
L3:16.4
L4:16
L5:23.2
L6:23.5
L7:32.9
L8:16.5
L9:39.5
L10:36.5
L11:8.5
L12:41
R:1.1
ML1:5.4
ML2:8.7
ML3:13.7
Single line stops
L1:33
L2:20
L3:18
L4:23
L5:32
L6:28
L7:30
L8:8
L9:29
L10:31
L11:7
L12:28
R:2
ML1:9
ML2:13
ML3:16
Single line avg. distance (km)
L1:0.75
L2:0.65
L3:1.0
L4:0.7
L5:0.75
L6:0.9
L7:1.1
L8:2.35
L9:1.4
L10:1.2
L11:1.4
L12:1.5
R:1.1
ML1:0.7
ML2:0.7ML3:0.9
Total track length (km)
311.8
Total network stops
327
Avg. stop net distance (km)
0.95
Type
steel wheels
Current/Voltage
L1,L4,L5,L6,L9:600 V DC
L2,L3,L8,L10,L11,L12,R:1500 V DC
ML1,ML2,ML3:750 V DC overhead
Guide/gauge
Line 1,Line 2,Line 3,Line 4,Line 5,Line 6,Line 7,Line 8,Line 9,Line 10,Line 11,Line 12,Line R:1445 mm gauge rails
ML1,ML2,ML3:standard gauge rails (1435 mm)
Vehicles builder
L1,L2,L3,L4,L5,L6,L8,L11,R:CAF
L7,L9,L10:ANSALDOBREDA
L12:CAF/ALSTOM,CAF/BOMBARDIERS/SIEMENS
ML1,ML2,ML3:ALSTOM
Model
L1:serie 2000 (Panda)
L2,L3,L4:serie 3000
L5:serie 2000b
L6:serie 5000,serie 8400
L7:serie 9000
L8:serie 8000
L9:serie 9000
L10:serie 7000,serie 8000,serie 9000
L11:serie 8000
L12:serie 8000,serie 8400
R:serie 3000
ML1,ML2,ML3:Citadis
Operator
METRO DE MADRID
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
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metro - madrid; By Kmag (Metro de Madrid) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
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