Information portal about all European guided public transportation systems. This site is regularly updated.
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DESCRIPTION
Hamburg transit system inlcludes an urban metro network (U-Bahn) and a suburban railway network (S-Bahn).
The first metro section (which is currently part of line U3) opened in 1912 (Rathaus-Barmbek); it was followed in 1915 by Kellinghusenstrasse-Ohlsdorf (now part of U1), Schlump-Hellkamp (U2; Hellkamp former terminal - located between Oster and Lutterothstrasse - was abandoned years later) and Hauptbahnhof-Rothenburgsort (which has been subsequently included in the S-Bahn network). Other sections were added in 1934 ("Langenhorner Bahn": Ohlsdorf-Ochsenzoll [now part of U1]; "KellJung-Linie": Kellinghusenstrasse-Jungfernstieg [now part of U1]; "Walddorferbahn": Barmbek-Grosshansdorf/Ohlstedt [now included in U2 and U1]).
The whole U-Bahn network was heavly damaged during the second world war (Hauptbahnhof-Rothenburgsort section was temporally interrupted). The subsequent reconstruction was followed by further extensions of the current U1 (1960: Messberg-Hauptbahnhof; 1962: Hauptbahnhof-Wandsbek Markt; 1963: Wandsbek Markt-Wandsbek Gartenstadt) and U2 (1962: Billstedt-Lutterothstrasse; 1966: Lutterothstrasse-Hagenbecks Tierpark; 1967: Berliner Tor-Horner Rennbahn-Legienstrasse; 1969: Legienstrasse-Billstedt; 1970: Billstedt-Merkenstrasse). The direct connection to the city centre was assured by the completion of new segments: Schlump-Berliner Tor section (U3, 1968), Schlump-Gansemarkt (U2, 1970) and Gansemarkt-Jungfernstieg (U2, 1973). The U-Bahn network reached its current asset during years '80s and '90s, with further extensions: new stretches of U2 (1983: Hagenbecks Tierpark-Niendorf Markt, extended up to Niendorf Nord in 1991; 2009: Berliner Tor-Mummelmannsberg), U3 (1990: Merkenstrasse-Mummelmannsberg) and U1 (1996: Garstedt-Norderstedt Mitte) were continuously added.
A fourth line (U4), was planned during years '70s; many alternatives were considered during the long period before the beginning of its construction (2007). U4 opened in 2012 (Jungfernstieg-Uberseequartier) and it was extended in 2013 (Uberseequartier-HafenCity Universitat): this line connects the docks area (HafenCity) with the city centre, joining U2 track at Jungfernstieg and prosecuting in track-sharing with U2 up to Billsted, via Hauptbahnhof and Berliner Tor.
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
HISTORY
datesection nameline
01-12-1914Kellinghusenstrasse-OhlsdorfU1
06-09-1920"Walddorferbahn": Wandsbek Gartenstadt-VolksdorfU1
01-07-1921"Langenhorner Bahn": Ohlsdorf-OchsenzollU1
05-11-1921"Walddörferbahn": Volksdorf-GrosshansdorfU1
01-02-1925"Walddörferbahn": Volksdorf-OhlstedtU1
02-06-1929"KellJung Linie": Kellinghusenstrasse-StephansplatzU1
25-03-1931
22-02-1960Jungfernstieg-MessbergU2
02-10-1960
02-07-1961Hauptbahnhof Sud-Lubecker StrasseU2
01-10-1961Lubecker Strasse-WartenauU2
28-10-1962Wartenau-Wandsbek MarktU2
03-03-1963Wandsbek Markt-Strassburger StrasseU2
04-08-1963Strassburger Strasse-Wandsbek GartenstadtU2
01-06-1969Ochsenzoll-GarstedtU2
28-09-1996Garstedt-Norderstedt MitteU2
01-03-1912Rathaus-BarmbekU3
10-05-1912Barmbek-KellinghusenstrasseU3
25-05-1912Kellinghusenstrasse-St. PauliU3
29-06-1912St. Pauli-RathausU3
06-09-1920Barmbek-Wandsbek GartenstadtU3
09-12-2012Jungfernstieg-UberseequartierU4
10-08-2013Uberseequartier-HafenCity UniversitatU4
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
TECHNICAL DATA
Single line length (Km)
U1:55.8
U2:24.3
U3:20.6
U4:12.2
Single line stops
U1:46
U2:25
U3:25
U4:11
Single line avg. distance (km)
U1:1.20
U2:0.95
U3:0.85
U4:1.10
Total track length (km)
105
Total network stops
91
Avg. stop net distance (km)
1.15
Type
steel wheels
Current/Voltage
750 V DC from third rail
Type of guide/gauge
standard gauge rails (1435 mm)
Vehicles builder
LHB/BBC/KIEPE,BOMBARDIER/LHB
Model
DT3,DT4,DT5
Operator
HAMBURGER HOCHBAHN AG
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
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metro - hamburg; By Maximilian Dorrbecker (Chumwa) [CC BY-SA 2.5 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons
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