Information portal about all European guided public transportation systems. This site is regularly updated.
ver.5.0 © 2005-2024, Ing.Michele Tarozzi
Automated People Mover (APM)   [ 18 cities presented here ]  (most recent entries: Feb, 19th, 2017)
The recent tendency in dedicated urban transports (e.g. airport connections, amusement parks internal connections, etc) is going towards the so-called "automated people movers" (APM), characterized by short rolling stock (and, consequently, short stations), high frequencies and driverless operations.
These systems don't require any driver on board, an, generally, any permanent workers at the stations (except, in certain cases, for security and hospitality services) or along the track. The system supervision is managed by a central control place, often located in the maintenance area.
The automation system is based on the classical ATO, ATP, ATS architecture managed automatically by a specific software that works on the information provided by a signaling system located along the track (track circuits, transponders); this allows the train detection on the track and the speed control in order to warrant the safety conditions and the precise respect of the planned timetables.
As previously said, generally no permanent workers operate in the stations or along the line; safety and communications (on board and at the stops) are provided by video and audio systems that allow to exchange information between passengers and the central control place at all times. Platform doors are one of the peculiar elements of most of the APM systems; platform doors are opened only during the boarding phases, segregating passengers from the track.

Driverless monorails are a particular type of APM. The monorail is a transport system based on a single track (mostly on viaduct, with possible ground level or underground applications), which supports straddle or suspended vehicles, wider than the monorail beam. These systems offer remarkable cinematic performances (low horizontal radius, high vertical gradient) with low environmental impacts, thanks to the adoption of light infrastructures: for all these reasons monorails have many applications in amusement centers, parks, zoo and tertiary high tech districts. In the latest years, thanks to the success of some applications and to the continuous technological improvement, monorails have been often used also as urban transport systems.

Driverless cable-system are another particular kind of APM. The track of the modern cable systems is constituted by a series of stations, each one connected the to next one by a cable ring. These systems have many analogies with the classical funiculars; they are constituted by the following main elements: cable, motorized station, return station, tensioning station, vehicles.
The cable is moved by an electric winch and it's set from a return to a tensioning station; intermediate stations are located between these terminals, along a route that allows different types of sections (straight, curved, inclined), thanks to specific mechanical rollers (straight rollers for straight or vertically convex segments, inclined rollers for horizontal curved segments, other rollers for vertically concave segments). The winch generates the cable motion, which is transmitted to the vehicles by some pliers which lock them to the cable. In the return station (mostly coinciding with the motorized station), a pulley keeps the cable in the correct configuration. The possible imbalances of the cable in the tensioning station at the opposite side of the track are recovered by an hydraulic system.
The vehicles are linked to the cable by a fixed or temporary grip, and they are guided by horizontal wheels which runs along horizontal guide beams, on each side of the running platform; thanks to the absence of on-board engines, vehicles have low noise emissions and a low weigth. The latter factor, combined with the cable traction, allows to overtake strong vertical gradients (in same cases more than 15%). In "temporary grip" cable systems a turning platform allows the vehicle inversion at the terminals, so that they can return in the opposite direction with the doors located in the external part of the track. Single track option (if adopted) needs some vehicle crossing sections (double track by-passes).
report an error

search a city


News 2014
  • Dec 14
  • - Warsaw: tram Line 2 extension Stare Swidry-Tarchomin Koscielny opened on 24-12-2014
  • - Paris: tram T8 Porte de Paris-Epinay Orgemont/Villetaneuse Universite opened on 16-12-2014
  • - Hannover: tram Line 7 Line 7 Schierholzstrasse-Misburg opened on 14-12-2014
  • - Basel: tram Line 8 extension Kleinhuningen-Weil am Rhein Bahnhof/Zentrum opened on 14-12-2014
  • - Frankfurt: tram Line 17 extension Stresemannallee/Gartenstrasse-Morfelder Landstrasse opened on 14-12-2014
  • - Berlin: metro M5 extension Naturkundemuseum-Hauptbahnhof-Luneburger Str. opened on 14-12-2014
  • - Paris: tram T6 Chatillon Montrouge-Robert Wagner opened on 13-12-2014
  • - Moscow: metro M1 Yugo Zapadnaya-Troparyovo extension opened on 08-12-2014
  • Nov 14
  • - Rome: driverless metro Line C Parco di Centocelle-Monte Compatri/Pantano opened on 09-11-2014
  • - Istanbul: metro M1 extension Aksaray - Yenikapi opened on 09-11-2014
  • - Manchester: Metrolink extension St Werburgh's Road-Manchester Airport opened on 03-11-2014
  • Oct 14
  • - Oslo: premetro Line 2 section Avlos-Kolsas opened on 12-10-2014
  • - Saarbrucken: Saarbahn line S1 section Heusweiler Markt-Lebach-Jabach opened on 05-10-2014
  • Sept 14
  • - Venice: tram T1 Sernaglia-Panorama opened on 12-09-2014
  • - Aubagne: tram T1 Gare-Le Charrel opened on 01-09-2014
  • - Aubagne: tram T1 Gare-Le Charrel opened on 01-09-2014
  • Aug 14
  • - Le Mans: tram T2 Prefecture-Bellevue Hauts de Coulaines opened on 30-08-2014
  • - Besancon: tram line Hauts du Chazal-Gare Viotte/Chalezeule opened on 30-08-2014
  • - Moscow: metro M7 Spartak stop added on 27-08-2014
  • - Stockholm: LRT line L22 (Tvarbanan) Solna centrum-Solna station opened on 18-08-2014
  • - Bremen: tram Line 4 extension Borgfeld-Falkenberg opened on 01-08-2014
  • Jul 14
  • - Malaga: metro lines L1 (Andalucía Tech-El Perchel) and L2 (Palacio de los Deportes-El Perchel) opened on 30-07-2014
  • - Izmir: metro extension Goztepe-Fahrettin Altay opened on 27-07-2014
  • Jun 14
  • - Grenoble: tram Line E Louise Michel-Saint Martin le Vinoux opened on 28-06-2014
  • - Bursa: Bursaray extension Gursu-Kestel opened on 05-06-2014
  • - Minsk: metro Line 1 extension Petrovshchina-Malinovka opened on 03-06-2014
  • May 14
  • - Edinburgh: tram line Edinburgh Airport-York Place opened on 31-05-2014
  • Mar 14
  • - Manchester: Metrolink extension Rochdale Railway Station-Rochdale Town Centre opened on 31-03-2014
  • - Budapest: metro M4 Kelenfold vasutallomss-Keleti palyaudvar opened on 28-03-2014
  • - Bursa: Bursaray extension Otosansit-Gursu opened on 27-03-2014
  • - Izmir: metro extension Hatay-Goztepe opened on 25-03-2014
  • - Bursa: Bursaray extension Arabayatagi-Otosansit opened on 19-03-2014
  • - Ankara: driverless metro M2 Kizilay-Koru opened on 13-03-2014
  • - Milan: driverless metro M5 extension Zara-Garibaldi opened on 01-03-2014
  • - Debrecen: tram Line 2 Kalvin ter-Doberdo utca opened on 01-03-2014
  • Feb 13
  • - Moscow: metro Line 12 extension Ul. Starokachalovskaya-Bitsevskiy Park opened on 27-02-2014
  • - Valenciennes: tram line T2 Pont Jacob-Vieux Condè Le Boulon opened on 24-02-2014
  • - Lyon: tram T1 extension Hôtel de Region-Montrochet-Debourg opened on 19-02-2014
  • - Istanbul: metro M2 extension Sishane-Yenikapi opened on 15-02-2014
  • - Ankara: driverless metro M3 Batikent-OSB Torekent opened on 12-02-2014
  • Jan 14
  • - Moscow: metro Line 8 Delovoy Tsentr-Park Pobedy opened on 31-01-2014
Hold mouse over news to pause scrolling
News for year: 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018

Total size of this site MB 268