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Automated People Mover (APM)   [ 18 cities presented here ]  (most recent entries: Feb, 19th, 2017)
The recent tendency in dedicated urban transports (e.g. airport connections, amusement parks internal connections, etc) is going towards the so-called "automated people movers" (APM), characterized by short rolling stock (and, consequently, short stations), high frequencies and driverless operations.
These systems don't require any driver on board, an, generally, any permanent workers at the stations (except, in certain cases, for security and hospitality services) or along the track. The system supervision is managed by a central control place, often located in the maintenance area.
The automation system is based on the classical ATO, ATP, ATS architecture managed automatically by a specific software that works on the information provided by a signaling system located along the track (track circuits, transponders); this allows the train detection on the track and the speed control in order to warrant the safety conditions and the precise respect of the planned timetables.
As previously said, generally no permanent workers operate in the stations or along the line; safety and communications (on board and at the stops) are provided by video and audio systems that allow to exchange information between passengers and the central control place at all times. Platform doors are one of the peculiar elements of most of the APM systems; platform doors are opened only during the boarding phases, segregating passengers from the track.

Driverless monorails are a particular type of APM. The monorail is a transport system based on a single track (mostly on viaduct, with possible ground level or underground applications), which supports straddle or suspended vehicles, wider than the monorail beam. These systems offer remarkable cinematic performances (low horizontal radius, high vertical gradient) with low environmental impacts, thanks to the adoption of light infrastructures: for all these reasons monorails have many applications in amusement centers, parks, zoo and tertiary high tech districts. In the latest years, thanks to the success of some applications and to the continuous technological improvement, monorails have been often used also as urban transport systems.

Driverless cable-system are another particular kind of APM. The track of the modern cable systems is constituted by a series of stations, each one connected the to next one by a cable ring. These systems have many analogies with the classical funiculars; they are constituted by the following main elements: cable, motorized station, return station, tensioning station, vehicles.
The cable is moved by an electric winch and it's set from a return to a tensioning station; intermediate stations are located between these terminals, along a route that allows different types of sections (straight, curved, inclined), thanks to specific mechanical rollers (straight rollers for straight or vertically convex segments, inclined rollers for horizontal curved segments, other rollers for vertically concave segments). The winch generates the cable motion, which is transmitted to the vehicles by some pliers which lock them to the cable. In the return station (mostly coinciding with the motorized station), a pulley keeps the cable in the correct configuration. The possible imbalances of the cable in the tensioning station at the opposite side of the track are recovered by an hydraulic system.
The vehicles are linked to the cable by a fixed or temporary grip, and they are guided by horizontal wheels which runs along horizontal guide beams, on each side of the running platform; thanks to the absence of on-board engines, vehicles have low noise emissions and a low weigth. The latter factor, combined with the cable traction, allows to overtake strong vertical gradients (in same cases more than 15%). In "temporary grip" cable systems a turning platform allows the vehicle inversion at the terminals, so that they can return in the opposite direction with the doors located in the external part of the track. Single track option (if adopted) needs some vehicle crossing sections (double track by-passes).
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LATEST UPDATES TO THIS SITE
apm19-02-2017
lrt-tram02-03-2017
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News 2013
  • Dec 13
  • - Naples: metro Line 1 extension Università-Garibaldi (without intermediate station) opened on 31-12-2013
  • - Cologne: stadtbahn Line 5 section Rathaus-Heumarkt opened on 15-12-2013
  • - Leipzig: S-Bahn City Tunnel Hauptbahnhof-Bayerischer Bahnhof opened on 15-12-2013
  • - Oslo: tram Line 2 section Gjonnes-Avlos opened on 15-12-2013
  • - Athens: metro Line 3 extension Egaleo-Aghia Marina opened on 14-12-2013
  • - Lyon: metro Line B Stade de Gerland-Gare d'Oullins opened on 11-12-2013
  • - Istanbul: Marmaray Sirkeci stop opened on 01-12-2013
  • Nov 13
  • - Paris: tram T7 Villejuif Louis Aragon-Athis Mons Porte de l'Essonne opened on 16-11-2013
  • - Moscow: metro Line 7 extension Vykhino-Zhulebino opened on 09-11-2013
  • - Istanbul: Marmaray phase 1 Kazlicesme-Ayrilikcesme opened on 29-10-2013
  • - Kiev: metro Line 2 extension Ipodrom-Teremky opened on 06-11-2013
  • Oct 13
  • - Istanbul: Marmaray phase 1 Kazlicesme-Ayrilikcesme opened on 29-10-2013
  • - Stockholm: Tvarbanan LRT line extension Alvik-Solna centrum opened on 28-10-2013
  • - Bursa: tram T1 circular line opened on 09-10-2016
  • - Manchester: Metrolink extension Droylsden-Ashton under Lyne opened on 05-10-2013
  • - Vienna: metro U2 extension Aspernstrasse-Seestadt opened on 05-10-2013
  • - Vienna: tram Line 26 extension Kagraner Platz-Hausfeldstrasse opened on 05-10-2013
  • Sept 13
  • - Stuttgart: metro U12 extension Lowentor-Hallschlag opened on 14-09-2013
  • - Alicante: tram L2 extension MARQ-Sant Vicent del Raspeig opened on 04-09-2013
  • - Lyon: tram T4 extension Jet d'eau-Thiers Lafayette opened on 02-09-2013
  • Aug 13
  • - Tours: tram Vaucanson-Lycee Jean Monnet opened on 31-08-2013
  • - Hamburg: metro U4 extension Uberseequartier-HafenCity Universitat opened on 10-08-2013
  • Jul 13
  • - Paris: tram T5 Marche de St Denis-Garges Sarcelles opened on 29-07-2013
  • - Athens: metro Line 2 extension Aghios Dimitrios-Elliniko opened on 26-07-2013
  • Jun 13
  • - Bergen: tram line Nesttun-Lagunen opened on 22-06-2013
  • - Charleroi: metro M3 extension Piges-Gosselies opened on 22-06-2013
  • - Istanbul: metro M1b Esenler-Kirazli opened on 14-06-2013
  • - Istanbul: metro M3 Kirazli-MetroKent/Olympiyat Parki opened on 14-06-2013
  • May 13
  • - Manchester: Metrolink extension St Werburgh's Road-East Didsbury opened on 23-05-2013
  • - Kazan: metro extension Kozya Sloboda-Aviastroitelnaya extension opened on 09-05-2013
  • Apr 13
  • - Athens: metro Line 2 extension Aghios Antonios-Anthoupoli opened on 06-04-2013
  • - Montpellier: tramway Line 3 (Juvignac-Lattes/Perols) opened on 07-04-2012
  • Mar 13
  • -Zaragoza: tram extension Plaza del Pilar/Murallas-Av. de la Academia opened on 26-03-2013
  • - Paris: metro Line 4 extension Porte d'Orleans-Mairie de Montrouge opened on 23-03-2013
  • - Brescia: driverless metro Prealpino-Sant'Eufemia Buffalora opened on 02-03-2013
  • Feb 13
  • - Manchester: Metrolink extension Shaw & Crompton-Rochdale Railway Station opened on 28-02-2013
  • - Manchester: Metrolink extension Piccadilly-Droylsden opened on 11-02-2013
  • - Milan: driverless metro M5 Zara-Bignami opened on 10-02-2013
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