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Automated People Mover (APM)   [ 18 cities presented here ]  (most recent entries: Feb, 19th, 2017)
The recent tendency in dedicated urban transports (e.g. airport connections, amusement parks internal connections, etc) is going towards the so-called "automated people movers" (APM), characterized by short rolling stock (and, consequently, short stations), high frequencies and driverless operations.
These systems don't require any driver on board, an, generally, any permanent workers at the stations (except, in certain cases, for security and hospitality services) or along the track. The system supervision is managed by a central control place, often located in the maintenance area.
The automation system is based on the classical ATO, ATP, ATS architecture managed automatically by a specific software that works on the information provided by a signaling system located along the track (track circuits, transponders); this allows the train detection on the track and the speed control in order to warrant the safety conditions and the precise respect of the planned timetables.
As previously said, generally no permanent workers operate in the stations or along the line; safety and communications (on board and at the stops) are provided by video and audio systems that allow to exchange information between passengers and the central control place at all times. Platform doors are one of the peculiar elements of most of the APM systems; platform doors are opened only during the boarding phases, segregating passengers from the track.

Driverless monorails are a particular type of APM. The monorail is a transport system based on a single track (mostly on viaduct, with possible ground level or underground applications), which supports straddle or suspended vehicles, wider than the monorail beam. These systems offer remarkable cinematic performances (low horizontal radius, high vertical gradient) with low environmental impacts, thanks to the adoption of light infrastructures: for all these reasons monorails have many applications in amusement centers, parks, zoo and tertiary high tech districts. In the latest years, thanks to the success of some applications and to the continuous technological improvement, monorails have been often used also as urban transport systems.

Driverless cable-system are another particular kind of APM. The track of the modern cable systems is constituted by a series of stations, each one connected the to next one by a cable ring. These systems have many analogies with the classical funiculars; they are constituted by the following main elements: cable, motorized station, return station, tensioning station, vehicles.
The cable is moved by an electric winch and it's set from a return to a tensioning station; intermediate stations are located between these terminals, along a route that allows different types of sections (straight, curved, inclined), thanks to specific mechanical rollers (straight rollers for straight or vertically convex segments, inclined rollers for horizontal curved segments, other rollers for vertically concave segments). The winch generates the cable motion, which is transmitted to the vehicles by some pliers which lock them to the cable. In the return station (mostly coinciding with the motorized station), a pulley keeps the cable in the correct configuration. The possible imbalances of the cable in the tensioning station at the opposite side of the track are recovered by an hydraulic system.
The vehicles are linked to the cable by a fixed or temporary grip, and they are guided by horizontal wheels which runs along horizontal guide beams, on each side of the running platform; thanks to the absence of on-board engines, vehicles have low noise emissions and a low weigth. The latter factor, combined with the cable traction, allows to overtake strong vertical gradients (in same cases more than 15%). In "temporary grip" cable systems a turning platform allows the vehicle inversion at the terminals, so that they can return in the opposite direction with the doors located in the external part of the track. Single track option (if adopted) needs some vehicle crossing sections (double track by-passes).
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LATEST UPDATES TO THIS SITE
apm19-02-2017
lrt-tram27-06-2018
metro26-06-2018
funicular20-02-2017
news20-02-2017



News 2017
  • Dec 17
  • - Moscow: metro Line 2 extension Rechnoy Vokzal-Khovrino opened on 31-12-2017
  • - Aarhus: new tram line L2 Aarhus H-Aarhus Universitetshospitalet opened on 21-12-2017
  • - Istanbul: new metro M5 Uskudar-Yamanevler opened on 15-12-2017
  • - Luxembourg: new tram line T1 Luxexpo-Pafendall Rout Breck opened on 10-12-2017
  • - Basel: tram Line 3 extension Burgfelderhof-Gare de St. Louis opened on 10-12-2017
  • - Zurich: tram Line 8 extension Hardplatz-Schiffbau opened on 10-12-2017
  • - Stuttgart: U12 premetro/stadtbahn extension Hallschlag-Wagrainacker opened on 10-12-2017
  • - Innsbruck: tram Line 3 extension Hottinger Au/West-Technik West/Peerhofsiedlung opened on 10-12-2017
  • - Chemnitz; tram Line 3 extension Stadlerplatz-Technopark opened on 10-12-2017
  • - Potsdam: tram Line 96 extension Viereckremise-Campus Jungfernsee opened on 10-12-2017
  • - Dublin: Green Line extension St. Stephen's Green-Broombridge opened on 09-12-2017
  • Nov 17
  • - Helsinki: metro extension Ruoholahti-Matinkyla opened on 18-11-2017
  • Oct 17
  • - Bochum: tram extension Unterstraße - S Langendreer opened on 07-10-2017
  • - Stockholm: tram line L22 extension Tvarbana Sickla udde-Sickla opened on 02-10-2017
  • Sept 17
  • - Antwerp: tram Line 10 extension Zegel-Hof ter Lo opened on 16-09-2017
  • - Vienna: metro U1 extension Reumannplatz-Oberlaa opened on 02-09-2017
  • - Tallin: tram Line 4 Ulemiste-Lennujaam (Airport) opened on 01-09-2017
  • Aug 17
  • - Antwerp: tram Line extension 7 Klapdorp-Eilandje MAS opened on 05-08-2017
  • Jul 17
  • - Paris: new tram line T11 Epinay sur Seine-Le Bourget opened on 01-07-2017
  • Jun 17
  • - Izmit: new tram line Akcaray SekaPark-Otogar opened on 17-06-2017
  • - Antwerp: tram Line 6 extension Kinepolis-P+R Luchtbal and tram Line 8/10 Astrid-Stadspark opened on 03-06-2017
  • May 17
  • - Nuremberg: metro U3 extension Friedrich Ebert Platz-Nordwestring opened on 22-05-2017
  • Apr 17
  • - Strasbourg: tram Line D extension Aristide Briand-Kehl Bahnhof opened on 29-04-2017
  • - Bergen: tram extension Birkelandsskiftet-Bergen lufthavn Flesland opened on 22-04-2017
  • - Lviv: tram extension Kinoteatr im. Dovzhenka - Vernads'kogo opened on 15-04-2017
  • - Izmir: new tram line Karsiyaka Tram Mavisehir-Alaybey opened on 11-04-2017
  • - Bilbao: metro new Line 3 Matiko-Kukullaga opened on 08-04-2017
  • Mar 17
  • - Bucharest: metro M4 Parc Bazilescu-Straulesti opened on 31-03-2017
  • - Catania: metro extension Borgo-Nesima opened on 31-03-2017
  • - Moscow: metro Line 8A Park Pobedy-Ramenki extension opened on 16-03-2017
  • Feb 17
  • - Warsaw: tram T2 extension Mehoffera-Nowodwory opened on 27-02-2017
  • - Manchester: Metrolink extension Exchange Square-St Peter's Square opened on 26-02-2017
  • Jan 17
  • - Ankara: metro Line M4 Ataturk Kultur Merkezi-Sehitler Gazino opened on 05-01-2017
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