Information portal about all European guided public transportation systems. This site is regularly updated.
ver.5.0 © 2005-2017, Ing.Michele Tarozzi
Automated People Mover (APM)   [ 18 cities presented here ]  (most recent entries: Feb, 19th, 2017)
The recent tendency in dedicated urban transports (e.g. airport connections, amusement parks internal connections, etc) is going towards the so-called "automated people movers" (APM), characterized by short rolling stock (and, consequently, short stations), high frequencies and driverless operations.
These systems don't require any driver on board, an, generally, any permanent workers at the stations (except, in certain cases, for security and hospitality services) or along the track. The system supervision is managed by a central control place, often located in the maintenance area.
The automation system is based on the classical ATO, ATP, ATS architecture managed automatically by a specific software that works on the information provided by a signaling system located along the track (track circuits, transponders); this allows the train detection on the track and the speed control in order to warrant the safety conditions and the precise respect of the planned timetables.
As previously said, generally no permanent workers operate in the stations or along the line; safety and communications (on board and at the stops) are provided by video and audio systems that allow to exchange information between passengers and the central control place at all times. Platform doors are one of the peculiar elements of most of the APM systems; platform doors are opened only during the boarding phases, segregating passengers from the track.

Driverless monorails are a particular type of APM. The monorail is a transport system based on a single track (mostly on viaduct, with possible ground level or underground applications), which supports straddle or suspended vehicles, wider than the monorail beam. These systems offer remarkable cinematic performances (low horizontal radius, high vertical gradient) with low environmental impacts, thanks to the adoption of light infrastructures: for all these reasons monorails have many applications in amusement centers, parks, zoo and tertiary high tech districts. In the latest years, thanks to the success of some applications and to the continuous technological improvement, monorails have been often used also as urban transport systems.

Driverless cable-system are another particular kind of APM. The track of the modern cable systems is constituted by a series of stations, each one connected the to next one by a cable ring. These systems have many analogies with the classical funiculars; they are constituted by the following main elements: cable, motorized station, return station, tensioning station, vehicles.
The cable is moved by an electric winch and it's set from a return to a tensioning station; intermediate stations are located between these terminals, along a route that allows different types of sections (straight, curved, inclined), thanks to specific mechanical rollers (straight rollers for straight or vertically convex segments, inclined rollers for horizontal curved segments, other rollers for vertically concave segments). The winch generates the cable motion, which is transmitted to the vehicles by some pliers which lock them to the cable. In the return station (mostly coinciding with the motorized station), a pulley keeps the cable in the correct configuration. The possible imbalances of the cable in the tensioning station at the opposite side of the track are recovered by an hydraulic system.
The vehicles are linked to the cable by a fixed or temporary grip, and they are guided by horizontal wheels which runs along horizontal guide beams, on each side of the running platform; thanks to the absence of on-board engines, vehicles have low noise emissions and a low weigth. The latter factor, combined with the cable traction, allows to overtake strong vertical gradients (in same cases more than 15%). In "temporary grip" cable systems a turning platform allows the vehicle inversion at the terminals, so that they can return in the opposite direction with the doors located in the external part of the track. Single track option (if adopted) needs some vehicle crossing sections (double track by-passes).
report an error

search a city

LATEST UPDATES TO THIS SITE
apm19-02-2017
lrt-tram02-03-2017
metro19-02-2017
funicular20-02-2017
news20-02-2017



News 2008
  • Dec 08
  • - Kazan: Gorki-Prospekt Pobedy metro extension opened on 26-12-2008
  • - Vitoria Gasteiz: the first segment (Landaberde-Plaza de america Latina) of the new LRT line opened on 23 December 2008
  • - Saint Petersburg: metro line 5 opened on 20 December 2008
  • - Krakow: Fast Tram LRT line opened on 11 December 2008
  • - Milan: metrotranvia (LRT) line Milan-Cinisello Balsamo opened on 7 December 2008
  • Nov 08
  • - Bucharest: metro M3 Nicolae Grigorescu-Linia de Centura section opened on 20 November 2008 (initially operated as shuttle service)
  • Oct 08
  • - Lausanne: driverless light metro M2 (Metro Ouchy) opened on 27 October 2008
  • - Warsaw: metro Line 1 extension (Slodowiec-Dworzec Gdanski) opened on 25 October 2008
  • Sep 08
  • - Marseille: T1 and T2 tramway lines extended on 26 September 2008
  • Jun 08
  • - Nurnberg: driverless metro U3 (Gustav Adolf Strasse-Maxfeld) opened on 15 June 2008
  • May 08
  • - Kiew: metro Line 3 extension from Borispolkaya to Krasny Khutor opened on 23 May 2008
  • - Wien: U2 extension from Schottenring to the stadium (Stadion) opened on 10 May 2008
  • Apr 08
  • - Warsaw: metro Line 1 extension from Plac Wilsona to Slodowiec opened on 23 April 2008
  • - Bursa: LRT extension from Sehrekustu to Araba Yatagi opened on 6 April 2008
  • Mar 08
  • - London: TTS-Tracked Transit System APM opened on 27 March 2008 at the new Heathrow Airport T5 Terminal
  • - Cagliari: Light Metro Line 1 (Repubblica-Gottardo) opened on 17 March 2008
  • Jan 08
  • - Perugia: Leitner Minimetro cable-system opened on 29 January 2008
  • - Bruxelles: STIB/MIVB operator ordered 102 Bombardier Flexity trams (to be delivered in 2009-2013)
  • - Bergen: contract signed with Stadler for the delivery of 12 Variotram tramcars (with an option for further 20 vehicles) to be used on the new LRT line (under construction)
Hold mouse over news to pause scrolling
News for year: 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016


Total size of this site MB 260