Information portal about all European guided public transportation systems. This site is regularly updated.
ver.5.0 © 2005-2019, Ing.Michele Tarozzi

Michele Tarozzi was born in Bologna (I) on September 7th, 1971, was graduated magna cum laude in 1998 at the University of Bologna in Civil Engineering.
Freelance, he has been working for years in the field of plan and design of guided public transportation infrastructures, doing in the meantime research and teaching in urbanistic and project management.

Books and Papers:

Urbanistica e Cooperazione a Bologna 1889-1985 - Cento anni di vite parallele, [Urban planning and Cooperation in Bologna 1889-1985]
Roma, 1999, Editore Gangemi (urbanistic volume, pages 272, EAN: 9788874488995)

The European Automated Light Metros
Inarcos, n. 653 October 2004
Among the recent mass rapid transport European applications, Automated People Movers (APM) have an important role. Thanks to the light infrastructures and to the high frequencies (which allow short stations and vehicles), they have an easier urban insertion in many hystorical towns. This paper analizes the cases of the most important existing (Lille VAL, Lyon Line D, Copenaghen M1 Line, Toulouse Line A, Rennes Line 1) or planned (Brescia, Lausanne, Turin, Bologna) APM European systems.

The European modern tramways and LRT systems
Le Strade, n. 1410, September 2005
Since 1980, European modern tramway and LRT systems had many successfull applications. Thanks to the track protection (traffic light priority at the crossroads or, in many cases, central underground sections) which minimizes the road traffic segments, these systems joins remarkable commercial speeds (against classical tramway lines) with lower costs than underground light metros (20 M Euro/km vs. 70 M Euro/km). This paper analizes the cases of some of the most important existing modern tramway and LRT lines (Barcelona, Bordeaux, Charleroi, Dublin, Lyon, Messina, Nantes, Oporto, Strasbourgh).

Tram-on-tyres: the European first applications
Le Strade, n. 1415, March 2006
In the last years some European towns invested in innovative tram-on-tyres infrastructures. These systems are based on different kinds of guide technology (mechanical like Bombardier GLT and Translohr, optical like Irisbus Civis, magnetical like APTS Phileas). Reversibility is one of the most important tram-on-tyres features: all these vehicles can switch from tram-like (with guide) or bus-like mode, in order to circumvent obstacles along the route. The very light infrastructure allows interesting cost reductions, even if the system capacity is reduced against classical tramways (with steel wheels). This paper analizes the main European applications (Caen, Nancy, Eindhoven, Clermont Ferrand, Rouen, Padova, Mestre, L'Aquila, Bologna, Douai).

Monorail urban transports
Le Strade, n. 1418, June 2006
Monorail systems offer remarkable cinematic performances (low horizontal radius, high vertical gradient) with a low enviromental impact, thanks to the light infrastructures and to the viaduct solution: monorails, for all this reasons, have many applications in amusement centers (Disneyland, Mirabilandia, etc), parks, zoo and tertiary high tech districts. From years '80s many urban applications have been developed; many of these systems are fully automated (APM) and this feature tends to became a rule.
This paper analizes the main monorail technologies (suspended or SAFEGE, Alweg, Steel-Box), the innovative tendencies (MAGLEV) and the most remarkable European (Dortmund, Dusseldorf, Moscow) and worldwide applications (US: Seattle, Tampa, Jacksonville, Newark, Las Vegas; JAPAN: Chiba, Osaka, Tama and Naha; AUSTRALIA: Broadbeach and Sidney; CHINA: Shenzen, Chongqing; MALAYSIA: Kuala Lumpur, Sunway City, Putrajaya;INDONESIA: Jakarta).

Tram-train: perspectives and criticities
Le Strade, n. 1432, November 2007
After the first experience in Karlsruhe (1992), many European towns planned similar transport systems, in order to minimize the times of dispacement reducing vehicle changements and to optimize the costs of construction using or re-using existing railway infrastructures.
The perspectives of tram-train systems have been analized showing the main advantages of this technology (on one side) and the main criticities due to technical and normative reasons (on the other side), starting from some real experiences of complex "trak-sharing" or "joint-use" applications (Karlsruhe, Saarbrucken, Chemnitz, Leiden, Nordhausen, Strasbourgh, Alacant, Liberec and, potentially, Sassari), simplier railway recovery or re-use applications (Manchester, Paris-T4, Bergamo, Cagliari) and a completely opposite case in comparison to the original Karlsruhe model (train-tram in Zwickau).

Driverless tranport systems in the European airports
TP Trasporti Pubblici, n. 2 (year XXIV), February 2008
The constant developement of many European airports and their physical expansion brought the necessity of efficient connections between different terminals and easy links to intermodal exchange points (airport railway stations, parking areas).
The main features requerred to this kind of service are high availability standards and continuous service during the day (in some cases 24 hours no-stop service), which can be efficently and cheaply assured by automated transport systems without drivers and fixed operators on vehicles and in the stations. This paper analize the most remarkable recent European experiences of dedicated (London Gatwick, Paris Orly, London Stansted, Frankfurt Rhein-Main-Airport, Rome Leonardo da Vinci, Dusseldorf International Airport, Zurich International Airport, Birmingham International Airport, Paris Roissy, Madrid Barajas International Airport, London Heatrow) and urban systems (Nurnberg Flughafen, London City Airport, Copenhagen Lufthavnen, Bologna Guglielmo Marconi).

Bologna People Mover
Quarry and Construction, n. 544 (year XLVI), April 2008
The high-speed railway station next opening and the growth of G. Marconi Airport (due to important investments such us the airstrip lengthening) are the main reasons of the development of the People-Mover project, connecting these 2 terminals with an intermediate stop at Lazzaretto new universitary quarter. This paper decribes the infrastructure and its approving procedures.

Bologna Metrotram
Le Strade, n. 1438, June 2008
Bologna bases its future public displacements plans on the so called Metrotram, a guided mass transport infrastructure connecting Fiera District, the railway station, the urban center, Ospedale Maggiore (one the main hospitals) and, in a further phase, Borgo Panigale suburb. Other future developments are considered, such as CAAB/Agraria and Lazzaretto extensions. This paper decribes the infrastructure and its approving procedures.

The role of tram-train systems in European suburban displacements: perspectives and criticities, Tram-on-tyres: the Italian and European first experiences
Acts of the third Italian National Seminary "Tram System"
, Rome 19-20 June 2008

The 'wireless' trams
Le Strade, n. 1444, January-February 2009
The overhead power collection is one of the most critic features concerning the urban insertion of the modern tram lines. This paper decribes some recent alternative solutions (Alstom APS, Bombardier Primove, hybrid systems, etc.) and their applications in the European towns.

Urban guided mass transit: the different choices
TP Trasporti Pubblici, n. 2 (year XXV), February 2009
In Europe there are currently more than 500 different Urban guided mass transit systems, that could be classiffied in specific categories (metros, LRT, standard trams, tram on tyres, tram-train, driverless metros/APM, monorails, cable systems). This papers analyzes the recent trends and some interesting features about their localization (concerning urban demography, urban rank, etc.).

Guided transport systems and accidentalness
Le Strade, n. 1454, January-February 2010
In Europe there occurs every year about 9000-10000 accidents related to mass transport systems (including urban systems, such as metros and tramways), with about 1500 casualties. This papers analyzes recent trends in accidentalness, proposing a classification and tryng to deduct some invariants.

Urban People Movers
Le Strade, n. 1459, July-August 2010
The European first experiences of Automated People Movers mostly took place into specific areas such as airports, commercial centers and amusement parks. Recently this trend changed, with the opening of some urban People Movers applications; this papers analyzes some of the most significant recent systems (such as Perugia Minimetro and Venice People Mover), analyzing the main features and tryng to deduct some invariants.

Some unsuccessful cases
Le Strade, n. 1465, March 2011
In the last years some projects of guided urban transport systems were abandoned, rejected or deeply modified: the analyzis of this cases offer useful topics for further experiences.

Back to train in the heart of Marche, December 2014
Le Strade, n. 1503, December 2014
The former "Porto San Giorgio-Fermo-Amandola" railway (Marche, Italy) has been abandoned and closed since 1956. This paper analyzes the perspectives of a potential reuse of the track, such as for a modern suburban tram/LRT connection or recovering/modernizing the elder railway service.

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News 2013
  • Dec 13
  • - Naples: metro Line 1 extension Università-Garibaldi (without intermediate station) opened on 31-12-2013
  • - Cologne: stadtbahn Line 5 section Rathaus-Heumarkt opened on 15-12-2013
  • - Leipzig: S-Bahn City Tunnel Hauptbahnhof-Bayerischer Bahnhof opened on 15-12-2013
  • - Oslo: tram Line 2 section Gjonnes-Avlos opened on 15-12-2013
  • - Athens: metro Line 3 extension Egaleo-Aghia Marina opened on 14-12-2013
  • - Lyon: metro Line B Stade de Gerland-Gare d'Oullins opened on 11-12-2013
  • - Istanbul: Marmaray Sirkeci stop opened on 01-12-2013
  • Nov 13
  • - Paris: tram T7 Villejuif Louis Aragon-Athis Mons Porte de l'Essonne opened on 16-11-2013
  • - Moscow: metro Line 7 extension Vykhino-Zhulebino opened on 09-11-2013
  • - Istanbul: Marmaray phase 1 Kazlicesme-Ayrilikcesme opened on 29-10-2013
  • - Kiev: metro Line 2 extension Ipodrom-Teremky opened on 06-11-2013
  • Oct 13
  • - Istanbul: Marmaray phase 1 Kazlicesme-Ayrilikcesme opened on 29-10-2013
  • - Stockholm: Tvarbanan LRT line extension Alvik-Solna centrum opened on 28-10-2013
  • - Bursa: tram T1 circular line opened on 09-10-2016
  • - Manchester: Metrolink extension Droylsden-Ashton under Lyne opened on 05-10-2013
  • - Vienna: metro U2 extension Aspernstrasse-Seestadt opened on 05-10-2013
  • - Vienna: tram Line 26 extension Kagraner Platz-Hausfeldstrasse opened on 05-10-2013
  • Sept 13
  • - Stuttgart: metro U12 extension Lowentor-Hallschlag opened on 14-09-2013
  • - Alicante: tram L2 extension MARQ-Sant Vicent del Raspeig opened on 04-09-2013
  • - Lyon: tram T4 extension Jet d'eau-Thiers Lafayette opened on 02-09-2013
  • Aug 13
  • - Tours: tram Vaucanson-Lycee Jean Monnet opened on 31-08-2013
  • - Hamburg: metro U4 extension Uberseequartier-HafenCity Universitat opened on 10-08-2013
  • Jul 13
  • - Paris: tram T5 Marche de St Denis-Garges Sarcelles opened on 29-07-2013
  • - Athens: metro Line 2 extension Aghios Dimitrios-Elliniko opened on 26-07-2013
  • Jun 13
  • - Bergen: tram line Nesttun-Lagunen opened on 22-06-2013
  • - Charleroi: metro M3 extension Piges-Gosselies opened on 22-06-2013
  • - Istanbul: metro M1b Esenler-Kirazli opened on 14-06-2013
  • - Istanbul: metro M3 Kirazli-MetroKent/Olympiyat Parki opened on 14-06-2013
  • May 13
  • - Manchester: Metrolink extension St Werburgh's Road-East Didsbury opened on 23-05-2013
  • - Kazan: metro extension Kozya Sloboda-Aviastroitelnaya extension opened on 09-05-2013
  • Apr 13
  • - Athens: metro Line 2 extension Aghios Antonios-Anthoupoli opened on 06-04-2013
  • - Montpellier: tramway Line 3 (Juvignac-Lattes/Perols) opened on 07-04-2012
  • Mar 13
  • -Zaragoza: tram extension Plaza del Pilar/Murallas-Av. de la Academia opened on 26-03-2013
  • - Paris: metro Line 4 extension Porte d'Orleans-Mairie de Montrouge opened on 23-03-2013
  • - Brescia: driverless metro Prealpino-Sant'Eufemia Buffalora opened on 02-03-2013
  • Feb 13
  • - Manchester: Metrolink extension Shaw & Crompton-Rochdale Railway Station opened on 28-02-2013
  • - Manchester: Metrolink extension Piccadilly-Droylsden opened on 11-02-2013
  • - Milan: driverless metro M5 Zara-Bignami opened on 10-02-2013
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