Information portal about all European guided public transportation systems. This site is regularly updated.
ver.5.0 © 2005-2017, Ing.Michele Tarozzi
FUNICULARS   [ 207 cities presented here ]  (most recent entries: Feb, 20th, 2017)

Funiculars are cable railways with a couple of rail vehicles attached to each other by a cable, which runs through a pulley at the top of the slope. The energy need is minimized by the counterbalancing of the two cars, with one going up and one going down.
There are different possible rails configurations such as: two parallel straight tracks with four rails (with separate station platforms for each vehicle), two parallel straight tracks with three rails for the most part of the slope (with the middle rail shared by the 2 cars and four rails only at the by-pass section), two-rails configuration with flanged wheels cars that automatically follow different tracks in the intermediate crossing section.
Funiculars are generally characterized by fairly short tracks, with high vertical gradients and only 2 stations (stops) located at the top/botton of the slope.
The so called "gravity planes" (also known as self-acting inclines or brake inclines) are a particular kind of funiculars used in mines with the weight of descending loaded wagons used to pull the empty mine wagons.
The so called "inclined lift" (also known as inclined elevators or inclinators) are another particular kind of cable systems with only one car carrying payload on the slope. The car is either winched up to the station on the top of the incline where the cable is collected on a winch drum, or alternativly the single car is balanced by a counterweight and operated the same way as a funicular with two cars.

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Location Country Line Opening Year Length (m) Max Slope(%) Click for zoom
Aberystwyth United Kingdom Aberystwyth Cliff Railway 1896 237 50
Kaunas Lithuania Aleksotas Funicular Railway 1935 142 30
Murren Switzerland Allmendhubelbahn 1912 551 61
Les Arcs France Arc-en-ciel 1989 2885 39
Are Sweden Are Bergbana 1910 790 n.a.
Bilbao Spain Artxanda Funicular 1915 770 45
Augustusburg Germany Augustusburg Cable Railway 1911 1237 20
Kehrsiten-Burgenstock Switzerland Bürgenstock Bahn 1888 944 58
Torbay United Kingdom Babbacombe Cliff Railway 1926 218 35.3
Baku Azerbaijan Baku Funicular 1960 455 n.a.
Braga Portugal Bom Jesus funicular 1872 274 42
Linthal Switzerland Braunwaldbahn 1907 1376 64
Bridgnorth United Kingdom Bridgnorth Cliff Railway 1892 61 64
Aviemore United Kingdom Cairngorm Mountain Railway 2001 1970 40
Lugano Switzerland Cassarate Monte Bré 1908 1621 60
Budapest Hungary Castle Hill Funicular 1870 101 48
Catanzaro Italy Catanzaro funicular 1998 678 28
Naples Italy Central Funicular 1928 1234 15
Scarborough United Kingdom Central Tramway 1881 71 50
Machynlleth United Kingdom Centre for Alternative Technology CAT Funicular 1992 53 67.5
Certaldo Italy Certaldo funicular 1999 130 49
Unterwasser Switzerland Ch Serrugg Bahn 1927 1209 46
Le Chatelard Switzerland Chatelard - Chateau d'Eau 1921 1306 87
Les Avants - Sonloup Switzerland Chemin de fer Les Avants Sonloup 1912 532 54
Montreux Switzerland Chemin de fer funiculaire Territet Glion 1888 640 57
Vevey Switzerland Chemin de fer funiculaire Vevey Chardonne Mont Plerin 1900 1578 54
Naples Italy Chiaia Funicular 1889 500 29
Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina Ciglane inclined lift -- n.a. n.a.
Bergamo Italy Città Bassa Città Alta funicular 1887 240 52
Como Italy Como Brunate funicular 1894 1074 55
Deva Citadel Romania Deva Funicular 2005 278 56
Karlovy Vary Czech Republic Diana Funicular 1912 453 37
Les Deux Alpes France Dome Express 1989 1722 34
Bournemouth United Kingdom East Cliff Railway 1903 267 78
Hastings United Kingdom East Hill Cliff Railway 1903 81 78
Lisbon Portugal Elevador da Bica 1892 283 16
Lisbon Portugal Elevador da Gloria 1885 276 16
Viana do Castelo Portugal Elevador de Santa Luzia 1923 650 25
Lisbon Portugal Elevador do Lavra 1884 188 23
Corfu Greece Ermones - Grand Mediterraneo Beach Resort Funicular 1975 177 46
Evian les Bains France Evian-les-Bains Funicular 1907 750 25
Bad Herrenalb Germany Falkenburgbahn 1998 117 63
Kufstein Austria Festungsbahn 1892 191 62
Salzburg Austria Festungsbahn 1892 199 60
Bournemouth United Kingdom Fisherman's Walk Cliff Railway 1935 39 67
Bergen Norway Floibanen 1918 850 35
Neuchatel Switzerland Fun. Ecluse Plan 1890 391 38
St-Luc Switzerland Fun. St-Luc Chandolin 1995 1275 55
Neuchatel Switzerland Funambule 2001 315 34
Locarno Switzerland Funicolare Locarno Madonna del Sasso 1906 825 30
Piotta Switzerland Funicolare del Ritom 1921 1369 87
Cossonay Switzerland Funiculaire Cossonay Gare Ville 1897 1228 13
Tignes France Funiculaire Du Perce-Neige 1989 3484 30
Sierre Switzerland Funiculaire Sierre Montana Crans 1911 4191 48
Pau France Funiculaire de Pau 1908 105 30
Spa Belgium Funiculaire de Spa 2004 n.a. n.a.
Thonon les Bains France Funiculaire de Thonon-les-Bains 1888 243 21
Le Havre France Funiculaire du Havre 1890 343 58
Principality of Asturias Spain Funicular de Bulnes 2001 2227 18
Gelida Spain Funicular de Gelida 1924 884 n.a.
Donostia-San Sebastian Spain Funicular de Igueldo 1912 312 58
Barcelona Spain Funicular de Montjuac 1928 758 18
Montserrat Spain Funicular de Sant Joan 1918 503 65
Montserrat Spain Funicular de Santa Cova 1929 262 57
Barcelona Spain Funicular de Vallvidrera 1906 736 29
Viseu Portugal Funicular de Viseu 2009 400 16
Barcelona Spain Funicular del Tibidabo 1901 1130 26
San Lorenzo de El Escorial Spain Funicular del Valle de los Caidos 1975 272 28
Porto Portugal Funicular dos Guindais 2004 281 n.a.
Lourdes France Funicular du Pic du Jer 1990 1110 56
Val d Isere France Funival 1988 2280 53
Santa Cristina Gherdeina Italy Gardena Ronda Express 2004 1240 n.a.
Rjukan Norway Gaustatoppen 1957 1013 80
Vilnius Lithuania Gediminas Hill Funicular Railway 2003 70 36
Handegg Switzerland Gelmerbahn 1926 1028 106
Lake Brienz Switzerland Giessbachbahn 1879 345 32
Krynica Poland Gora Parkowa 1937 642 23
Miedzybrodzie Zywieckie Poland Gora Zar 2003 1300 n.a.
Llandudno United Kingdom Great Orme Tramway 1902 1552 26.2
Grossglockner Austria Grossglockner-Gletscherbahn 1963 212 90
Zakopane Poland Gubalowka Hill Funicular 1938 1338 29
Bern Switzerland Gurtenbahn 1899 1059 34
Interlaken Switzerland Harderbahn 1908 1435 64
Ellmau Austria Hartkaiserbahn 1972 2317 46
Heidelberg Germany Heidelberger Bergbahn 1890 1491 43
Interlaken Switzerland Heimwehfluhbahn 1906 186 69
Innsbruck Austria Hoadlbahn 1975 n.a. n.a.
Dubrovnik Croatia Hotel President funicular 2001 87 31
Innsbruck Austria Hungerburgbahn 2007 1838 20
Karlovy Vary Czech Republic Imperial Funicular 1907 127 n.a.
Kunzelsau Germany Künzelsauer Bergbahn 1999 1034 33
Istanbul Turkey Kabatas-Taksim Funicular 2006 594 n.a.
Gdynia Poland Kamienna Gera 2015 96 42
Kiev Ukraine Kiev funicular 1905 238 36
Koli National Park Finland Kiskohissi Funicular 1999 112 32
Kolbnitz Reisseck Austria Kreuzeckbahn 1974 1370 75
Bad Ems Germany Kurwaldbahn 1979 220 78
Kaprun Austria Lärchwand-Schrägaufzug 1952 820 81
Neuchatel Switzerland La Coudre Chaumont 1910 2091 46
Bilbao Spain La Reineta (Trapagaran) 1926 1176 36
Le Treport France Le Treport Funicular 2006 120 62
Folkestone United Kingdom Leas Lift 1885 50 61
Windsor United Kingdom Legoland Hill Train 1969 300 9
Biel/Bienne Switzerland Leubringen/Evilard funicular 1898 933 26
Ljubljana Slovenia Ljubljana Castle funicular 2006 70 n.a.
Blaenau Ffestiniog United Kingdom Llechwedd Slate Caverns 1979 128 55.5
London United Kingdom London Millennium Funicular 2003 n.a. n.a.
Lugano Switzerland Lugano Città Stazione 1886 220 25
Athens Greece Lycabettus Funicular 1965 210 53
Lynton United Kingdom Lynton and Lynmouth Cliff Railway 1890 262 7
Prague Czech Republic Mövenpick Hotel funicular 1996 156 100
St.Gallen Switzerland Mühleggbahn 1975 317 n.a.
Willingen Germany Mühlenkopfschanze Funicular 2001 310 33
Tyssedal Norway Magelibanen 1911 965 100
Biel/Bienne Switzerland Magglingen/Macolin funicular 1887 1681 32
Bern Switzerland Marzilibahn 1885 105 32
Caldaro/Kaltern Italy Mendel Funicular 1903 2374 75
Naples Italy Mergellina Funicular 1931 550 46
Baden-Baden Germany Merkurbergbahn 1913 1195 54
Saas Fee Switzerland Metro Alpin 1984 1473 48
Emosson Lake Switzerland Minifunic d'Emosson 1991 261 72
Moleson Switzerland Moléson sur Gruyeres 1998 1368 51
Mondovi Italy Mondovì Funicular 1886 545 26
Mont Dore France Mont-Dore Funicular 1898 607 56
Hirschau Germany Monte Kaolino funicular -- n.a. n.a.
Lugano Switzerland Monte San Salvatore 1890 1658 61
Livorno Italy Montenero Funicular 1908 656 17
Naples Italy Montesanto Funicular 1891 824 23
Mercogliano Italy Montevergine funicular 1956 1669 66
Paris France Montmartre funicular 1900 108 35
Tblisi Georgia Mtatsminda Pantheon funiculars 1905 484 65
Punt Muralg Switzerland Muottas Muragl Bahn 1907 2199 54
Nacka Strand Sweden Nacka Strand bergbana 1996 90 29
Wakefield United Kingdom National Coal Mining Museum 1990 353 10
Nazare Portugal Nazaré Funicular 1889 310 29
Wiesbaden Germany Nerobergbahn 1888 438 26
Fribourg Switzerland Neuveville - Saint-Pierre 1899 121 55
Mulenen Switzerland Niesenbahn 1910 3499 68
Liljeholmen Sweden Nybohovshissen 1964 236 16
Oberweibach Germany Oberweiábacher Bergbahn 1922 1388 25
Odessa Ukraine Odessa funicular 2005 120 27
Padstow United Kingdom Padstow Cliff Railway 2001 32.3 110
Langres France Panoramique Sous-Bie 1995 110 34
Davos Switzerland Parsenn Bahn 1931 1860 47
Peterskopf Germany Peterskopfbahn 1929 917 45
Prague Czech Republic Petrín funicular 1891 510 29
Capri Italy Piazza Marina Grande funicular 1905 1474 38
Biella Italy Piazzo Piano funicular 1885 175 34
Sankt Leonhard im Pitztal Austria Pitzexpress 1983 3693 n.a.
Zürich Switzerland Polybahn 1889 176 23
Bergamo Italy Porta Sant'Alessandro-San Vigilio funicular 1912 630 22
Meiringen Switzerland Reichenbachfall-Bahn 1899 714 58
Kolbnitz Reisseck Austria Reisseckbahn 1950 3605 82
Salzburg Austria Reisszug 1515 191 67
Urtijei Italy Resciesa funicular 2010 2402 46
Seefeld in Tirol Austria Rosshütte 1969 2469 n.a.
Varese Italy Sacro Monte funicular 2000 384 56
Saltburn-by-the-Sea United Kingdom Saltburn Cliff Lift 1884 63 59
Hallstatt Austria Salzbergbahn 1924 548 n.a.
Genoa Italy Sant'Anna funicular 1891 357 17
Montecatini Terme Italy Scalo-Città funicular 1898 1056 38
Davos Switzerland Schatzalp Bahn 1899 712 47
Bad Hofgastein Austria Schlossalmbahn 1964 1251 8
Graz Austria Schlossbergbahn 1894 201 60
Freiburg im Breisgau Germany Schlossbergbahn 1894 201 60
Dresden Germany Schwebebahn Dresden 1901 274 39
Zurich Switzerland Seilbahn Rigiblick 1901 385 36
Sellin Germany Sellin Pier Lift -- n.a. n.a.
Sennen Cove United Kingdom Sennen Cove (private funicular) -- n.a. n.a.
Shipley United Kingdom Shipley Glen Cable Tramway 1895 400 14.3
Stockholm Sweden Skansens Bergbana 1897 196 25
Skarholmen Sweden Skarholmens bergbana 2001 63 n.a.
Campodolcino Italy Skiexpress funicular 1996 n.a. n.a.
Sochi Russian Federation Sochi funicular 1930 396 24
Bad Wildbad Germany Sommerbergbahn 1908 756 52
Scarborough United Kingdom South Cliff Lift 1875 87 57
Southend United Kingdom Southend Cliff Railway 1912 40 43.4
Lyon France St Jean-Fourviere Funicular 1900 404 31
Lyon France St Jean-St Just Funicular 1878 791 18
Saint-Imier Switzerland St-Imier-Mont-Soleil 2003 743 60
St Michael's Mount United Kingdom St. Michael's Mount Tramway (goods funicular) 1912 200 53
Saint Hilaire du Touvet France St.Hilaire du Touvet 1924 1480 83
Oberstdorf Germany Standseilbahn 1998 136 78
Hohenwarte Germany Standseilbahn Hohenwarte 1964 693 49
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Kriens Switzerland Standseilbahn Kriens Sonnenberg 1902 839 42
St. Moritz Switzerland Standseilbahn St. Moritz Corviglia 1913 2052 45
Stuttgart Germany Standseilbahn Stuttgart 1929 536 28
Stans Switzerland Stanserhorn-Bahn 1893 1550 17
Stary Smokovec Slovakia Stary Smokovec Hrebienok funicular 1908 1937 15
Orvieto Italy Staz. FS Piazza Cahen 1990 580 28
Schwyz Switzerland Stoosbahn 1933 1383 78
Zermatt Switzerland SunneggaExpress 1980 1590 63
Ligerz-Preles Switzerland Tessenberg Bahn 2004 1183 40
Lizard United Kingdom The Lizard Lifeboat Station (RNLI) 1995 n.a. 73
Beatenberg Switzerland Thunersee Beatenberg Bahn 1889 1695 41
Treib Switzerland Treib Seelisberg-Bahn 1916 1149 38
Trieste Italy Trieste-Opicina tramway 1928 783 26
Karlsruhe Germany Turmbergbahn 1888 315 36
Istanbul Turkey Tünel 1875 573 15
Manchester United Kingdom URBIS Museum 2002 45 75
Vladivostok Russian Federation Vladivostok funicular 1962 180 n.a.
Bournemouth United Kingdom West Cliff Railway 1908 44 70
Hastings United Kingdom West Hill Cliff Railway 1891 150 33
Zagreb Croatia Zagreb Funicular 1893 66 52
Kaunas Lithuania Zaliakalnis Funicular Railway 1931 142 26
Genoa Italy Zecca Righi funicular 1895 279 35
Zug Switzerland Zugerbergbahn 1907 1261 47
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LATEST UPDATES TO THIS SITE
apm19-02-2017
lrt-tram02-03-2017
metro19-02-2017
funicular20-02-2017
news20-02-2017



News 2016
  • Dec 16
  • - Catania: metro extension Galatea-Stesicoro opened on 20-12-2016
  • - Bordeaux: tram Line C extension Cracovie-Gare de Blanquefort opened on 17-12-2016
  • - Mainz: tram extension Hauptbahnhof West-Lerchenberg/Hindemithstrasse opened on 11-12-2016
  • - Munich: tram Line 25 extension Max Weber Platz-Berg am Laim Bf. opened on 11-12-2016
  • - Nuremberg: tram Line 4 extension Thon-Am Wegfeld opened on 11-12-2016
  • Nov 16
  • - Lviv: tram extension Akademiya Mistetstv-Kinoteatr im. Dozhenkaopened opened on 17-11-2016
  • - Ghent: tram Line 21 extension Gestichtstraat-Zwijnaarde Bibliotheek opened on 06-11-2016
  • Oct 16
  • - Istanbul: metro M4 extension Kartal-Tavsantepe opened on 10-10-2016
  • Sept 16
  • - Moscow: metro Line 10 Marina Roshcha-Petrovsko Razumovskaya opened on 16-09-2016
  • - Linz: tram Line 3 extension Trauner Kreuzung-Schloss Traun opened on 10-09-2016
  • Aug 16
  • - Laon: Poma 2000 driverless people mover definitely closed on 27-08-2016
  • - Kharkiv: metro M3 extension Oleksiivska-Peremoha opened on 25-08-2016
  • - Bergen: LRT extension Lagunen-Birkelandsskiftet opened on 15-08-2016
  • Jul 16
  • - Sofia: metro M2 extension James Bourchier-Vitosha opened on 20-07-2016
  • - Bratislava: tram extension Safarikovo nam.-Jungmanova opened on 09-07-2016
  • - Montpellier: tram Line 4 Louis Blanc-Saint-Denis opened on 02-07-2016
  • Jun 16
  • - Mannheim: tram Line 4 extension Line 4 Lange Rotterstrasse- Waldfriedhof/Kafertaler Wald opened on 12-06-2016
  • May 16
  • - Birmingham: Midland Metro extension Bull Street-Grand Central opened on 30-05-2016
  • - Paris: tram T6 extension Robert Wagner-Viroflay Rive Droite opened on 28-05-2016
  • - Stuttgart: metro U12 Wallgraben-Durrlewang opened on 13-05-2016
  • Apr 16
  • - Strasbourg: tram Line A extension Lixenbuhl-Graffenstaden opened on 23-04-2016
  • - Lisbon: metro Blue Line Amadora Este-Reboleira opened on 13-04-2016
  • - Oslo: metro extension Sinsen-Okern opened on 03-04-2016
  • Feb 16
  • - Linz: tram Line 3 extension Doblerholz-Trauner Kreuzung opened on 26-02-2016
  • - Dusseldorf: tram tunnel extension Wehrhahn-Bilk opened on 20-02-2016
  • - Moscow: metro Line 1 extension Rumyantsevo-Salaryevo opened on 15-02-2016
  • - Barcelona: driverless metro L9 extension (Zona Universitaria-Aeroport T1) opened on 12-02-2016
  • Jan 16
  • - Moscow: metro Line 1 extension Troparyovo-Rumyantsevo opened on 18-01-2016
  • - Bydgoszcz: tram extension Fordonska/Wyscigowa-Loskon opened on 16-01-2016
  • - Budapest: tram T19/41 extension Margit hid-Batthyany ter opened on 16-01-2016
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